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Open AccessArticle

What Are the Occupational Risks in Forestry? Results of a Long-Term Study in Slovakia

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Department of Forestry Technologies and Construction, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Praha 6—Suchdol, Czech Republic
2
Department of Forest Harvesting, Logistics and Ameliorations, Faculty of Forestry, Technical University in Zvolen, T.G. Masaryka 24, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(24), 4931; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244931
Received: 10 October 2019 / Revised: 2 December 2019 / Accepted: 3 December 2019 / Published: 5 December 2019
Temporal patterns in occupational safety and health can shed light on the efficiency of safety measures companies adopt and identify when workers are prone to occupational accidents. We analyzed these patterns to identify the effects of factors such as the share of salvage logging, experience, age, daytime, weekday, and more on the number of occupational accidents at Forests of the Slovak Republic (FSR). We analyzed a database of 2963 occupational accidents and 443 occupational illnesses suffered by FSR employees and contractors. We then analyzed a subset of said database, containing 401 accident records coded according to European Statistics at Work manual. We used regression and correlation analyses and generalized linear models to test the relationship between the accident frequency and volume of harvested timber and volume of salvage logging. We used logistic regression, chi2 tests, and Cramér’s V statistic to test when accidents occur within shifts, weeks, and months. We found the volume of harvested timber significantly affects the frequency of severe and fatal accidents of contractors (R 0.81; p < 0.05), whereas, for employees, the relationship was insignificant. Over time, the number of accidents and incidence rate decreased, and inexperienced or older workers were the most prone to accidents. View Full-Text
Keywords: safety management systems; forest harvesting; occupational accidents; incidence rate safety management systems; forest harvesting; occupational accidents; incidence rate
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Jankovský, M.; Allman, M.; Allmanová, Z. What Are the Occupational Risks in Forestry? Results of a Long-Term Study in Slovakia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4931.

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