Next Article in Journal
Developing a New Spectral Index for Detecting Cadmium-Induced Stress in Rice on a Regional Scale
Next Article in Special Issue
Physical Attributes of Housing and Elderly Health: A New Dynamic Perspective
Previous Article in Journal
The Effect of Sanitizers on Microbial Levels of Chicken Meat Collected from Commercial Processing Plants
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Relative Risk of Homelessness among Persons with a Disability: New Methods and Policy Insights
Open AccessArticle

Longitudinal Associations between Perceived Quality of Living Spaces and Health-Related Quality of Life among Homeless and Vulnerably Housed Individuals Living in Three Canadian Cities

1
School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
2
Human Early Learning Partnership, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
3
Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St. Paul’s Hospital, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
4
Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, and Special Education, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
5
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
6
MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5B 1A6, Canada
7
Applied Health Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, ON M5B 1A6, Canada
8
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(23), 4808; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16234808
Received: 29 September 2019 / Revised: 15 November 2019 / Accepted: 27 November 2019 / Published: 29 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Housing and Health)
The objective of this study was to examine longitudinal associations between perceived quality of living spaces and mental and physical health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among homeless and vulnerably housed individuals living in three Canadian cities. The Health and Housing in Transition (HHiT) study was a prospective cohort study conducted between 2009 and 2013 of N = 1190 individuals who were homeless and vulnerably housed at baseline. Perceived quality of living spaces (based on rated comfort, safety, spaciousness, privacy, friendliness and overall quality) and both mental and physical HRQoL were assessed at baseline and at four annual follow up points. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) analyses were used to examine associations between perceived quality of living spaces and both mental and physical HRQoL over the four-year study period, controlling for time-varying housing status, health and socio-demographic variables. The results showed that higher perceived quality of living spaces was positively associated with mental (b = 0.42; 95% CI 0.38—0.47) and physical (b = 0.11; 95% CI 0.07—0.15) HRQoL over the four-year study period. Findings indicate that policies aimed at increasing HRQoL in this population should prioritize improving their experienced quality of living spaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: homeless persons; vulnerably housed; housing; health; health-related quality of life homeless persons; vulnerably housed; housing; health; health-related quality of life
MDPI and ACS Style

Magee, C.; Norena, M.; Hubley, A.M.; Palepu, A.; Hwang, S.W.; Nisenbaum, R.; Karim, M.E.; Gadermann, A. Longitudinal Associations between Perceived Quality of Living Spaces and Health-Related Quality of Life among Homeless and Vulnerably Housed Individuals Living in Three Canadian Cities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4808.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop