Next Article in Journal
Spread of Infectious Disease Modeling and Analysis of Different Factors on Spread of Infectious Disease Based on Cellular Automata
Next Article in Special Issue
A Biophysical Analysis on the Arm Stroke Efficiency in Front Crawl Swimming: Comparing Methods and Determining the Main Performance Predictors
Previous Article in Journal
Predicting Factors Affecting Adolescent Obesity Using General Bayesian Network and What-If Analysis
Previous Article in Special Issue
What Do Olympic Shooters Think about Physical Training Factors and Their Performance?
Open AccessArticle

Encounter with Bullying in Sport and Its Consequences for Youth: Amateur Athletes’ Approach

1
Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Lithuanian Sports University, Sporto St. 6, LT-44221 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Department of Sport and Tourism Management, Lithuanian Sports University, Sporto St. 6, LT-44221 Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(23), 4685; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16234685
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 20 November 2019 / Accepted: 22 November 2019 / Published: 25 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health, Exercise and Sports Performance)
In recent years, the problem of bullying, existing in sport and arising in athletes’ relationships, is increasingly emphasized. The aim of this research was to reveal the specificity of bullying in athletes’ interrelationships by elaborating on causes of its emergence, nature of actions, and its consequences. To achieve the research aim, a qualitative research paradigm was chosen. The theoretical part of the research was prepared by applying the methods of scientific literature analysis and analogy. The empirical study involved seven organized sports athletes representing individual, duel, and team sports branches, belonging to the young adult age category. The survey was conducted using the semi-structured interview method. Data were analyzed employing the conceptual content analysis. Emic and etic perspectives were used for data processing. Research results revealed that the specificity of manifestation of bullying in sport unfolded through three generalized categories: intolerable perception of behavior, nature of bullying, and bipolarity of consequences. Every category was detailed by sub-categories, highlighting the nature, causes, and consequences of bullying accepted by athletes in the contexts of their emotional state and career. We found that the factors falling into these categories were interrelated and supplemented each other; therefore, they should be analyzed in a complex way, as bullying is determined not by some single factor but by the totality of them, functioning as a kind of well-established flawed tradition supported by the cultures of the sports organization and the sport. View Full-Text
Keywords: athletes’ behavior; organized sport; antisocial behavior; bullying; victims; bully; Lithuania athletes’ behavior; organized sport; antisocial behavior; bullying; victims; bully; Lithuania
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vveinhardt, J.; Fominiene, V.B.; Andriukaitiene, R. Encounter with Bullying in Sport and Its Consequences for Youth: Amateur Athletes’ Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4685. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16234685

AMA Style

Vveinhardt J, Fominiene VB, Andriukaitiene R. Encounter with Bullying in Sport and Its Consequences for Youth: Amateur Athletes’ Approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(23):4685. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16234685

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vveinhardt, Jolita; Fominiene, Vilija B.; Andriukaitiene, Regina. 2019. "Encounter with Bullying in Sport and Its Consequences for Youth: Amateur Athletes’ Approach" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 23: 4685. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16234685

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop