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Open AccessArticle

Removal of Tetracycline by Hydrous Ferric Oxide: Adsorption Kinetics, Isotherms, and Mechanism

College of Resource and Environment, Anhui Agricultural University, Key Laboratory of Agri-Food Safety of Anhui Province, Hefei 230036, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4580;
Received: 1 October 2019 / Revised: 14 November 2019 / Accepted: 14 November 2019 / Published: 19 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Municipal Wastewater Treatment and Sludge Treatment and Disposal)
The removal of tetracycline (TC) from solution is an important environmental issue. Here we prepared an adsorbent hydrous ferric oxide (HFO) by adjusting a FeCl3·6H2O solution to neutral pH. HFO was characterized by a surface area analyzer, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and was used to remove TC from solution. The influence of pH, solid-to-liquid ratio, ionic type, and strength on TC removal was investigated. Adsorption kinetics and isotherms were also determined. HFO after adsorption of TC was analyzed by FTIR and XPS to investigate the adsorption mechanism. The results showed that the adsorption of TC increased from 88.3% to 95% with increasing pH (3.0–7.0) and then decreased. K+ ions had little effect on TC adsorption by HFO. However, Ca2+ and Mg2+ reduced the adsorption of TC on HFO. When the concentrations of Ca2+ and Mg2+ were increased, the inhibitory effect was more obvious. Pseudo-second-order kinetics and the Langmuir model fitted the adsorption process well. The maximum adsorption capacity of TC on HFO reached 99.49 mg·g−1. The adsorption process was spontaneous, endothermic, and increasingly disordered. Combination analysis with FTIR and XPS showed that the mechanism between TC and HFO involved electrostatic interactions, hydrogen interactions, and complexation. Therefore, the environmental behavior of TC could be affected by HFO. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrous ferric oxide; tetracycline; influencing factors; adsorption behavior; mechanism hydrous ferric oxide; tetracycline; influencing factors; adsorption behavior; mechanism
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Zang, J.; Wu, T.; Song, H.; Zhou, N.; Fan, S.; Xie, Z.; Tang, J. Removal of Tetracycline by Hydrous Ferric Oxide: Adsorption Kinetics, Isotherms, and Mechanism. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4580.

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