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Open AccessArticle

Characterizing Obesity Interventions and Treatment for Children and Youths During 1991–2018

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Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
2
Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
3
Centre for Applied Health Economics (CAHE), Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD 4222, Australia
4
Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Center of Excellence in Evidence-based Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
6
Center of Excellence in Pharmacoeconomics and Management, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Department of Psychological Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore 119074, Singapore
8
Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
9
Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119228, Singapore
10
Institute for Health Innovation and Technology (iHealthtech), National University of Singapore, Singapore 119228, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4227; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214227
Received: 12 August 2019 / Revised: 14 October 2019 / Accepted: 26 October 2019 / Published: 31 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bibliometric Studies and Worldwide Research Trends on Global Health)
Overweight and obesity have become a serious health problem globally due to its significant role in increased morbidity and mortality. The treatments for this health issue are various such as lifestyle modifications, pharmacological therapies, and surgery. However, little is known about the productivity, workflow, topics, and landscape research of all the papers mentioning the intervention and treatment for children with obesity. A total of 20,925 publications from the Web of Science database mentioning interventions and treatment in reducing the burden of childhood overweight and obesity on physical health, mental health, and society published in the period from 1991 to 2018 were in the analysis. We used Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) for identifying the topics and a dendrogram for research disciplines. We found that the number of papers related to multilevel interventions such as family-based, school-based, and community-based is increasing. The number of papers mentioning interventions aimed at children and adolescents with overweight or obesity is not high in poor-resource settings or countries compared to the growth in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among youth due to cultural concepts or nutrition transition. Therefore, there is a need for support from developed countries to control the rising rates of overweight and obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: scientometrics; obesity; interventions; children; youths; pediatrics scientometrics; obesity; interventions; children; youths; pediatrics
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Tran, B.X.; Nghiem, S.; Afoakwah, C.; Latkin, C.A.; Ha, G.H.; Nguyen, T.P.; Doan, L.P.; Pham, H.Q.; Ho, C.S.; Ho, R.C. Characterizing Obesity Interventions and Treatment for Children and Youths During 1991–2018. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4227.

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