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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Reablement on the Independence of Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Mild Disability: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Research Department, Institute for Health Economics and Policy, Association for Health Economics Research and Social Insurance and Welfare, Tokyo 105-0003, Japan
2
Department of Economics, Seijo University, Tokyo 157-8511, Japan
3
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, Tokyo 156-8506, Japan
4
Center for Preventive Medical Sciences, Chiba University, Chiba 260-0856, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3954; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203954
Received: 10 September 2019 / Revised: 4 October 2019 / Accepted: 14 October 2019 / Published: 17 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
We aimed to assess the efficacy of a reablement program in improving the independence from long-term care services of older adults with mild disability. This parallel, two-arm, randomized controlled, superiority trial was conducted in Neyagawa, a local government area in Osaka, Japan. Eligible participants were community-dwelling individuals aged ≥65 years certified as support-required level. They were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either a community-based, multicomponent, multidisciplinary, individualized goal-directed, and time-limited intervention (the CoMMIT program) plus standard care or standard care alone. The primary outcome was independence, that is, the nonuse of long-term care services during the three-month follow-up period. The study was terminated early due to slow enrollment. A total of 375 participants were enrolled and randomized to either the intervention (n = 190) or control (n = 185) group. The proportions of independence were 11.1% and 3.8% in the intervention and control groups, respectively (absolute difference: 7.3; 95% confidence interval: 2.0–12.5). There was no difference in the risk of serious adverse events between the groups. The CoMMIT program plus standard care was found superior to standard care alone in enhancing the independence from long-term care services of older adults with mild disability. View Full-Text
Keywords: functional limitation; reablement; rehabilitation; long-term care functional limitation; reablement; rehabilitation; long-term care
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Hattori, S.; Yoshida, T.; Okumura, Y.; Kondo, K. Effects of Reablement on the Independence of Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Mild Disability: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3954.

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