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Open AccessArticle

Factors Associated with Meeting Current Recommendation for Physical Activity in Scottish Adults with Diabetes

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College of Health Sciences, QU Health, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar
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Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
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Department of Internal Medicine, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki PMB 102, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
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Institute of Sport Science, University of Taipei, Taipei 11153, Taiwan
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School of Health and Social Care, Teesside University, Middlesbrough TS1 3BX, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3857; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203857
Received: 11 September 2019 / Revised: 25 September 2019 / Accepted: 26 September 2019 / Published: 12 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
It remains unclear which factors are instrumental in meeting the recommended physical activity in people with diabetes. We, therefore, aimed to determine the sociodemographic, health-related behavior and clinical factors associated with meeting the recommended levels of physical activity in Scottish adults with diabetes. The study was based on the nationally-representative cross-sectional Scottish Health Surveys (2014–2017). The study participants included a sub-sample of 1259 adults (≥16 years old) with diabetes. Physical activity was evaluated using international guidelines. Overall, 34.1% of the subjects met the recommended levels of physical activity. Independent determinants of meeting the recommended levels of physical activity include male gender (odds ratio (OR) 1.47; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.07–2.00) and being a non-smoker (OR 1.62; 95% CI 1.02–2.56). Furthermore, meeting the recommended physical activity levels decreased with age (OR 0.96; 95% CI 0.95–0.97), having a longstanding illness (OR 0.56; 95% CI 0.34–0.93) and body mass index (OR 0.94; 95% CI 0.92–0.97), but increased with higher fruit and vegetable intake (OR 1.16; 95% CI 1.07–1.25) and mental wellbeing (OR 1.04; 95% CI 1.02–1.06). Implementation of health promotion programs that target the identified determinants is needed to improve the recommended levels of physical activity among adults with diabetes. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; diabetes; health-related behavior physical activity; diabetes; health-related behavior
MDPI and ACS Style

Salman, A.; Ukwaja, K.N.; Alkhatib, A. Factors Associated with Meeting Current Recommendation for Physical Activity in Scottish Adults with Diabetes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3857.

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