Next Article in Journal
What Is the Relationship between the Neighbourhood Built Environment and Time Spent in Outdoor Play? A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Health Care Financing Systems and Their Effectiveness: An Empirical Study of OECD Countries
Previous Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of the Peri-Implant Bone Level around Platform-Switched Dental Implants: A Retrospective 3-Year Radiographic Study
Open AccessArticle

Randomized Controlled Trial on Effects of a Brief Clinical-Based Intervention Involving Planning Strategy on Self-Care Behaviors in Periodontal Patients in Dental Practice

1
Department of Oral Hygiene, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
2
Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
3
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
4
Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung 80145, Taiwan
5
School of Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
6
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Chi Mei Medical Center-Liouying, Tainan 73657, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3838; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203838
Received: 10 September 2019 / Revised: 22 September 2019 / Accepted: 9 October 2019 / Published: 11 October 2019
Background: Strengthening adherence to self-care behaviors in patients with periodontal disease (PD) and reducing the plaque index is crucial for improving PD treatment. We evaluated the effectiveness of a theory of planned behavior (TPB)-based health education intervention involving a planning strategy on self-care behaviors in patients with PD. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted; 158 and 139 patients comprised the experimental group (EG) and control group (CG), respectively. Both groups received a leaflet, and the EG also received a planning intervention, which was a brief one-on-one counseling session with a planning sheet. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Results: Between-group comparisons of TPB measures revealed significant differences in all domains when controlling for baseline covariates. The EG exhibited significantly higher levels of action and coping planning than the CG at two-week follow-up (effect size (ES) = 5.54 and 5.57, respectively) and six-week follow-up (ES = 5.66 and 5.66, respectively). Between-group differences in changes of brushing behaviors increased significantly. More frequent use of dental floss was observed in the EG than in the CG at two-week and six-week follow-ups (24.7% and 22.8%, respectively). Conclusions: The intervention involving planning strategy effectively promoted adherence to self-care behaviors in patients with PD. View Full-Text
Keywords: action planning; coping planning; health education; oral care behavior; periodontal disease; theory of planned behavior action planning; coping planning; health education; oral care behavior; periodontal disease; theory of planned behavior
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, J.-H.; Huang, Y.-K.; Lin, K.-D.; Hsu, Y.-J.; Huang, W.-F.; Huang, H.-L. Randomized Controlled Trial on Effects of a Brief Clinical-Based Intervention Involving Planning Strategy on Self-Care Behaviors in Periodontal Patients in Dental Practice. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3838.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop