Next Article in Journal
E-Cigarettes Increase Candida albicans Growth and Modulate its Interaction with Gingival Epithelial Cells
Next Article in Special Issue
On the Person-Place Interaction and Its Relationship with the Responses/Outcomes of Listeners of Urban Soundscape (Compared Cases of Lisbon and Bogotá): Contextual and Semiotic Aspects
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of Fermentable Fibres on the Colonic Microbiota Metabolism of Dietary Polyphenols Rutin and Quercetin
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Cross-Sectional Survey on the Impact of Irrelevant Speech Noise on Annoyance, Mental Health and Well-being, Performance and Occupants’ Behavior in Shared and Open-Plan Offices
Article Menu
Issue 2 (January-2) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(2), 293; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16020293

Restorative Effects of Classroom Soundscapes on Children’s Cognitive Performance

School of Architecture, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 December 2018 / Revised: 13 January 2019 / Accepted: 17 January 2019 / Published: 21 January 2019
Full-Text   |   PDF [1546 KB, uploaded 21 January 2019]   |  
  |   Review Reports

Abstract

Previous studies have examined the restorative benefits of soundscapes on adults’ cognitive performance, but it was unclear whether those benefits would be possible for children. In this paper, two experiments applied a before–after design to explore the restorative effects of different soundscapes on children’s sustained attention and short-term memory, respectively, in a simulated classroom situation. In Experiment 1, 46 children aged 8–12 were first mentally fatigued by performing an oral arithmetic task and then were asked to conduct a sustained attention to response test (SART), in order to assess their attention fatigue. After that, a period of 3-min soundscape was presented, and SART was conducted again to examine their attention recovery. In Experiment 2, 45 children participated and the experiment procedure was the same as in Experiment 1, except that a digit span test (DST) was used instead to measure short-term memory. The results showed that music, birdsong, fountain sound, and stream sound facilitated greater recovery than other sounds in reaction time. Participants also showed better performance in short-term memory after exposure to fountain sound and stream sound, followed by music and birdsong. Those results confirmed the actual restorative effects of perceived restorative soundscapes on children’s cognitive performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: restorative effect; children’s cognitive performance; classroom soundscape; sustained attention; short-term memory restorative effect; children’s cognitive performance; classroom soundscape; sustained attention; short-term memory
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Shu, S.; Ma, H. Restorative Effects of Classroom Soundscapes on Children’s Cognitive Performance. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 293.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top