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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(2), 214; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16020214

Maternal Parenting Styles and Glycemic Control in Children with Type 1 Diabetes

1
Kymsote—Kymenlaakso Social and Health Services, Department of Psychology, Kotkantie 41, FI-48210 Kotka, Finland
2
Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, PL 35, FI-40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 November 2018 / Revised: 9 January 2019 / Accepted: 10 January 2019 / Published: 14 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Parenting and Offspring Health and Well-Being)
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine differences in parenting styles between mothers of children with type 1 diabetes and mothers of healthy children and to explore relationships between parenting styles and glycemic control of children with diabetes. Mothers of 63 children with diabetes and mothers of 83 children without diabetes reported their parenting styles using the Blocks’ Child Rearing Practices Report, when their child was 9–10 years old. Glycemic control of the children with diabetes was evaluated 1 year after diagnosis (<6 years of age) and at the time of the study (at 9–10 years). Mothers of children with diabetes used more psychological control than mothers of healthy children. Among girls with diabetes, poorer early glycemic control was associated with mothers’ subsequent greater use of psychological control. Behavioral control was positively associated with poorer current glycemic control. In boys, psychological control was positively associated with poorer current glycemic control. Psychological control in families with diabetes needs attention, because it has shown to be associated with poorer diabetes care. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; type 1 diabetes; glycemic control; mothers; parenting style children; type 1 diabetes; glycemic control; mothers; parenting style
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Hannonen, R.; Aunola, K.; Eklund, K.; Ahonen, T. Maternal Parenting Styles and Glycemic Control in Children with Type 1 Diabetes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 214.

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