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Open AccessArticle

Sleep Macrostructure and NREM Sleep Instability Analysis in Pediatric Developmental Coordination Disorder

Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli,” via Sergio Pansini 5, 80100 Naples, Italy
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(19), 3716; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193716
Received: 10 July 2019 / Revised: 20 September 2019 / Accepted: 21 September 2019 / Published: 2 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is considered to be abnormal motor skills learning, identified by clumsiness, slowness, and/or motor inaccuracy impairing the daily-life activities in all ages of life, in the absence of sensory, cognitive, or neurological deficits impairment. The present research focuses on studying DCD sleep structure and Cyclic Alternating Pattern (CAP) parameters with a full overnight polysomnography and to study the putative correlations between sleep architecture and CAP parameters with motor coordination skills. The study was a cross-sectional design involving 42 children (26M/16F; mean age 10.12 ± 1.98) selected as a DCD group compared with 79 children (49M/30F; mean age 9.94 ± 2.84) identified as typical (no-DCD) for motor ability and sleep macrostructural parameters according to the MABC-2 and polysomnographic (PSG) evaluations. The two groups (DCD and non-DCD) were similar for age (p = 0.715) and gender (p = 0.854). More significant differences in sleep architecture and CAP parameters were found between two groups and significant correlations were identified between sleep parameters and motor coordination skills in the study population. In conclusion, our data show relevant abnormalities in sleep structure of DCD children and suggest a role for rapid components of A phases on motor coordination development View Full-Text
Keywords: developmental coordination disorder; children; sleep; CAP; PSG developmental coordination disorder; children; sleep; CAP; PSG
MDPI and ACS Style

Esposito, M.; Precenzano, F.; Bitetti, I.; Zeno, I.; Merolla, E.; Risoleo, M.C.; Lanzara, V.; Carotenuto, M. Sleep Macrostructure and NREM Sleep Instability Analysis in Pediatric Developmental Coordination Disorder. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3716.

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