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Contamination of Homes with Methamphetamine: Is Wipe Sampling Adequate to Determine Risk?

1
College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, Adelaide 5042, Australia
2
Environmental Risk Sciences, Sydney 2118, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(19), 3568; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193568
Received: 9 August 2019 / Revised: 10 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 September 2019 / Published: 24 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Contamination of domestic dwellings from methamphetamine cooking or smoking is an increasing public health problem in many countries. To evaluate the extent of contamination, sampling generally focusses on the collection of surface wipe samples from walls and other surfaces of a potentially contaminated home. Here, we report the contamination levels of many household materials and items sampled from a home that was suspected to be the premises used to cook methamphetamine, it was then sold, lived in for several years by the new owners and then left unattended for several more years. Although the time since the cooking had taken place was significant (over five years), the levels of contamination were extremely high in both household items that were part of the house when cooking was taking place (blinds, carpets, walls, etc.) and also in articles brought to the house post-cooking (rugs, toys, beds, etc.). Both wipe sampling and analysis of bulk samples indicate that the methamphetamine is not breaking down or being removed and is transferred from contaminated to non-contaminated objects. These results raise questions about the adequacy of characterising contamination and of making decisions about the extent of remediation required based solely on surface wipe samples. Without fully understanding the extent of contamination that is present, not only on surfaces but within the building materials, it is difficult to ensure that the correct and most effective remedial approaches are taken to appropriately determine and address the risks to inhabitants.
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Keywords: methamphetamine; risk; exposure; house; home; domestic dwelling methamphetamine; risk; exposure; house; home; domestic dwelling
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Wright, J.; Walker, G.S.; Ross, K.E. Contamination of Homes with Methamphetamine: Is Wipe Sampling Adequate to Determine Risk? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3568.

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