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Article

Rapid Health Impact Assessment of a Proposed Poultry Processing Plant in Millsboro, Delaware

1
Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health, University of Maryland, 255 Valley Drive, College Park, MD 20742, USA
2
Environmental Science and Policy, University of Maryland, 0220 Symons Hall, College Park, MD 20742, USA
3
Public Health Science Program, University of Maryland, 255 Campus Drive, College Park, MD 20740, USA
4
Environmental and Occupational Health, George Washington University, 950 New Hampshire Ave, NW, 7th floor, Washington, DC 20052, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3429; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183429
Received: 9 January 2019 / Revised: 24 August 2019 / Accepted: 29 August 2019 / Published: 16 September 2019
In 2013, Allen Harim Foods purchased the former site of a Vlasic Pickle plant in Millsboro, Delaware, and proposed to convert the site into a poultry processing plant that would process approximately two million birds weekly. This generated concerns about the proposed plant’s potential to impact health and quality of life among residents. We conducted a rapid health impact assessment (HIA) of the proposed plant to assess baseline environmental health issues in the host community and projected impacts. The scoping and baseline assessment revealed social, economic, and health disparities in the region. We also determined that residents in the area were already underserved and overburdened with pollution from multiple environmental hazards near the proposed plant including two sites contaminated with hazardous wastes, a power plant, and another poultry processing plant. The projected size and amount of poultry to be processed at the plant would likely cause increased levels of air, soil and water pollution, additional odor issues, and increased traffic and related pollution and safety issues. The information generated from the HIA formed the basis of a campaign to raise awareness about potential problems associated with the new facility and to foster more engagement of impacted residents in local decision-making about the proposed plant. In the end, the HIA helped concerned residents oppose the new poultry processing plant. This case study provides an example of how HIAs can be used as a tool to educate residents, raise awareness about environmental justice issues, and enhance meaningful engagement in local environmental decision-making processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: health impact assessment; poultry processing plant; environmental justice health impact assessment; poultry processing plant; environmental justice
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MDPI and ACS Style

Baskin-Graves, L.; Mullen, H.; Aber, A.; Sinisterra, J.; Ayub, K.; Amaya-Fuentes, R.; Wilson, S. Rapid Health Impact Assessment of a Proposed Poultry Processing Plant in Millsboro, Delaware. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3429. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183429

AMA Style

Baskin-Graves L, Mullen H, Aber A, Sinisterra J, Ayub K, Amaya-Fuentes R, Wilson S. Rapid Health Impact Assessment of a Proposed Poultry Processing Plant in Millsboro, Delaware. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(18):3429. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183429

Chicago/Turabian Style

Baskin-Graves, Leah, Haley Mullen, Aaron Aber, Jair Sinisterra, Kamran Ayub, Roxana Amaya-Fuentes, and Sacoby Wilson. 2019. "Rapid Health Impact Assessment of a Proposed Poultry Processing Plant in Millsboro, Delaware" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 18: 3429. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183429

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