Next Article in Journal
The Relationship among Government, Enterprise, and Public in Environmental Governance from the Perspective of Multi-Player Evolutionary Game
Previous Article in Journal
Characterizing Consumer Behavior in Leveraging Social Media for E-Patient and Health-Related Activities
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Endogenous Selenium on Arsenic Uptake and Antioxidative Enzymes in As-Exposed Rice Seedlings

1
Beijing Key Laboratory of Farmland Soil Pollution Prevention and Remediation, Key Laboratory of Plant-Soil Interactions of the Ministry of Education, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
2
Department of Water/Forest and Environment, Higher Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary of Faranah, 300 B.P. 131, Guinea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3350; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183350
Received: 7 July 2019 / Revised: 26 August 2019 / Accepted: 9 September 2019 / Published: 11 September 2019
Arsenic (As) and selenium (Se) are two metalloids found in the environment. As it poses a significant threat to human health and plant growth due to its prevalence and toxicity, however Se is a required micronutrient for human health. In this study hydroponic experiments were performed to investigate whether endogenous Se can mitigate As toxicity in rice (Oryza sativa L.). We found that As uptake by rice roots increased by pretreatment with selenateSe(VI) or selenite Se(IV). However, co-application of arsenate As(V) or arsenite As(III) with selenate markedly reduced the uptake of As by roots. Co- or pretreatment with Se with five µM of As(V) or one µM of As(III) significantly decreased shoot As content. Conversely, Se pretreatment before the addition of five µM of As(III) or one µM of As(V) resulted in As accumulation in the shoot compared to As and Se co-application. As translocation to the shoot was lower whereas the transfer factor was higher upon the simultaneous application of Se and As compared to Se pretreatment. Se supplementation with As(III) or pretreatment increased antioxidant enzymes: Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD) increased in the root and shoot, but decreased glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in the shoot. Plants under As(V) treatment showed the same trend except that CAT content decreased in the root and shoot, while MDA content increased in the shoot. These results suggest that cultivating rice in the presence of Se can reduce the accumulation of toxic As in seedlings, thus ensuring the safety of this important crop for human consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: selenium; rice seedling; arsenic; uptake; antioxidant; distribution selenium; rice seedling; arsenic; uptake; antioxidant; distribution
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Camara, A.Y.; Wan, Y.; Yu, Y.; Wang, Q.; Wang, K.; Li, H. Effect of Endogenous Selenium on Arsenic Uptake and Antioxidative Enzymes in As-Exposed Rice Seedlings. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3350.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop