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Open AccessArticle

Relation between Length of Exposure to Epidural Analgesia during Labour and Birth Mode

1
Department of Experimental and Health Science, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
2
Parc de Salut Mar, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
3
Research in Childbirth and Health Unit (ReaRH), University of Central Lancashire, 100, Picketlaw Road, G76 0BF Glasgow, UK
4
Methodology and Biostatistics Support Unit, Institut Hospital del Mar d’Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
5
Río Hortega University Hospital, 47012 Valladolid, Spain
6
Centre for Research in Health and Economics, University Pompeu Fabra, 08005 Barcelona, Spain
7
Catalan Health Service, Government of Catalonia, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
8
Faculty of Health Sciences, University Ramon Llull-Blanquerna, 08025 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(16), 2928; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162928
Received: 21 June 2019 / Revised: 2 August 2019 / Accepted: 9 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
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PDF [334 KB, uploaded 15 August 2019]

Abstract

Objective: To appraise the relationship between the length of exposure to epidural analgesia and the risk of non-spontaneous birth, and to identify additional risk factors. This study is framed within the MidconBirth project. Study design: A multicentre prospective study was conducted between July 2016 and November 2017 in three maternity hospitals in different Spanish regions. The independent variable of the study was the length of exposure to epidural analgesia, and the dependent variable was the type of birth in women with uncomplicated pregnancies. The data was analyzed separately by parity. A multivariate logistic regression was performed. The odds ratios (OR), using 95% confidence intervals (CI) were constructed. Main outcome measures: During the study period, 807 eligible women gave birth. Non-spontaneous births occurred in 29.37% of the sample, and 75.59% received oxytocin for augmentation of labour. The mean exposure length to epidural analgesia when non-spontaneous birth happened was 8.05 for primiparous and 6.32 for multiparous women (5.98 and 3.37 in spontaneous birth, respectively). A logistic regression showed the length of exposure to epidural during labour was the major predictor for non-spontaneous births in primiparous and multiparous women followed by use of oxytocin (multiparous group). Conclusions: The length of exposure to epidural analgesia during labour is associated with non-spontaneous births in our study. It highlights the need for practice change through the development of clinical guidelines, training programs for professionals and the continuity of midwifery care in order to support women to cope with labour pain using less invasive forms of analgesia. Women also need to be provided with evidence-based information. View Full-Text
Keywords: time exposure to epidural analgesia; alternative methods of pain relief; oxytocin; type of birth; experience of women; informed consent time exposure to epidural analgesia; alternative methods of pain relief; oxytocin; type of birth; experience of women; informed consent
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Garcia-Lausin, L.; Perez-Botella, M.; Duran, X.; Mamblona-Vicente, M.F.; Gutierrez-Martin, M.J.; Gómez de Enterria-Cuesta, E.; Escuriet, R. Relation between Length of Exposure to Epidural Analgesia during Labour and Birth Mode. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2928.

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