Income, Self-Rated Health, and Morbidity. A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies
AbstractIf people were asked whether income changes influence self-rated health and morbidity, they would probably answer yes. Indeed, previous studies validated this assumption, but most of them used cross-sectional data and only considered self-rated health as the decisive factor. On the other hand, there are a few studies using longitudinal data, which found a much smaller association between income and self-rated health. In order to give a conclusive overview of the current study situation, this review summarizes and examines studies which use only longitudinal data. In addition to self-rated health, the effects of income on the objective factor of morbidity were also investigated. The review includes a total of 14 papers that use data from seven different countries. It concludes that there is a small, statistically significant, positive impact of increased income on self-rated health, but a negative association between income growth and morbidity. Taking the limitations of confounders, attrition, and selection bias into account, the results may even be insignificant. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Reche, E.; König, H.-H.; Hajek, A. Income, Self-Rated Health, and Morbidity. A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2884.
Reche E, König H-H, Hajek A. Income, Self-Rated Health, and Morbidity. A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(16):2884.Chicago/Turabian Style
Reche, Elena; König, Hans-Helmut; Hajek, André. 2019. "Income, Self-Rated Health, and Morbidity. A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 16: 2884.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.