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A Sustainable Career Perspective of Work Ability: The Importance of Resources across the Lifespan
Open AccessOpinion

From Work Ability Research to Implementation

Juhani Ilmarinen Consulting Ltd., Ruuvitie2, 01650 Vantaa, Finland
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(16), 2882; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162882
Received: 12 June 2019 / Revised: 2 August 2019 / Accepted: 3 August 2019 / Published: 12 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Work Ability and Aging)
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Abstract

Work ability research started in Finland in the 1990s due to the challenges of work force aging. The employment rates of older workers (55+) were below 40% and early retirement and work disability rates were rather common in many European countries. The work ability concept and methods were developed and broad international research activities started in the 1990s. A comprehensive promotion model for work ability was created aiming to prevent work ability from declining during aging. However, to be able to impact the work ability is a complicated and difficult task, and requires effects on human resources, work arrangements, and management. Therefore, only a limited number of intervention studies have shown an improvement of work ability during aging. This article introduces some possibilities regarding how to make work ability interventions more successful. View Full-Text
Keywords: work ability index (WAI); work ability concept; intervention research; knowing–doing gap; implementation work ability index (WAI); work ability concept; intervention research; knowing–doing gap; implementation
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Ilmarinen, J. From Work Ability Research to Implementation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2882.

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