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Open AccessArticle

Lay People Training in CPR and in the Use of an Automated External Defibrillator, and Its Social Impact: A Community Health Study

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Research Support Unit Tarragona-Reus, Fundació Institut Universitari per a la Recerca a l’Atenció Primària de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina (IDIAPJGol), Reus 43202, Spain
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Research Group in Primary Care Research Technologies (TICS-AP, Fundació Institut Universitari per a la recerca a l’Atenció Primària de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina (IDIAPJGol), Reus 43202, Spain
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Primary Care Centre Falset, Tarragona Regional Management, Catalan Institute of Health, Tarragona 43730, Spain
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Nursing Department. University Rovira i Virgili. Tarragona 43002, Spain
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Primary Care Centre Horts de Miró, Tarragona Regional Management, Catalan Institute of Health, Reus 43204, Spain
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Primary Care Centre CUAP, Tarragona Regional Management, Catalan Institute of Health, Reus 43202, Spain
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Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus 43201, Spain
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Internal Medicine Department, Sant Joan de Reus University Hospital, Reus 43204, Spain
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Analysis and Quality Unit, Health and Social Network Santa Tecla, Tarragona 43003, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(16), 2870; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162870
Received: 23 July 2019 / Revised: 7 August 2019 / Accepted: 9 August 2019 / Published: 11 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
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Abstract

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) mortality remains high. The best survival rates are achieved when trained people provide OHCA victims with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR); however, it is estimated that only 25% of victims receive CPR. This community health study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a training programme in basic CPR and in the use of an automatic external defibrillator (AED) on knowledge and skills for lay people, and its social impact. The training courses were based on Catalan Council of Resuscitation guidelines. Data were collected on sociodemographic characteristics, evaluation of knowledge and practical skills at baseline and at the end of the training courses, and also on the social impact of the programme. A total of 36 training courses with 482 participants were carried out, and most participants achieved a qualification of suitable. The mean score in knowledge was 3.1 ± 1.1 at baseline and 3.8 ± 1.2 (p = 0.001) at the end of the programme. Participants rated the training courses as very satisfactory, considered the training useful, and felt more qualified to respond to an emergency. This study shows that a high percentage of participants acquired skills in basic CPR and use of an AED, which confirms the usefulness and effectiveness of training courses and its important social impact. View Full-Text
Keywords: out-of-hospital cardiac arrest; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; automatic external defibrillator; community health study out-of-hospital cardiac arrest; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; automatic external defibrillator; community health study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Villalobos, F.; Del Pozo, A.; Rey-Reñones, C.; Granado-Font, E.; Sabaté-Lissner, D.; Poblet-Calaf, C.; Basora, J.; Castro, A.; Flores-Mateo, G. Lay People Training in CPR and in the Use of an Automated External Defibrillator, and Its Social Impact: A Community Health Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2870.

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