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Vulnerable Populations Exposed to Lead-Contaminated Drinking Water within Houston Ship Channel Communities

1
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A&M School of Public Health, 1266 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA
2
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Texas A&M School of Public Health, 1266 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA
3
Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, Texas A&M University, 400 Bizzell St., College Station, TX 77840, USA
4
Department of Geography, Texas A&M University, 400 Bizzell St., College Station, TX 77840, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2745; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152745
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 27 July 2019 / Accepted: 29 July 2019 / Published: 1 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Children Health)
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Abstract

Recent events have drawn increased attention to potential lead exposures from contaminated drinking water. Further, homes with older infrastructure are at greatest risk due to the presence of the disinfectant chemical chloramine, which can leach lead from older pipes. There is a growing need to determine the extent of lead leaching especially within vulnerable communities and homes with children. This pilot study collected survey data and performed lead analysis on drinking water in the small community of Manchester in Houston, TX. Manchester is characterized by industrial sites, flooding, and a low socioeconomic population. Surveys and water analyses were completed on randomly selected homes (N = 13) and documented perceptions of participants on their drinking water regarding presence and concentration of lead. Lead was discovered in 30.8% of homes ranging from 0.6 to 2.4 (µg/L), all below the US Environmental Protection Agency action level of 15 ppb, but above the water standard goals. These findings further suggest that contaminated water is a broad issue requiring concerted efforts to ensure the health of US residents. View Full-Text
Keywords: lead contamination; drinking water; vulnerable communities lead contamination; drinking water; vulnerable communities
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Sansom, G.; Cizmas, L.; Aarvig, K.; Dixon, B.; Kirsch, K.R.; Katare, A.; Sansom, L. Vulnerable Populations Exposed to Lead-Contaminated Drinking Water within Houston Ship Channel Communities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2745.

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