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The Current Research Landscape of the Application of Artificial Intelligence in Managing Cerebrovascular and Heart Diseases: A Bibliometric and Content Analysis

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Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
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Center of Excellence in Evidence-Based Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Centre for Applied Health Economics, Griffith University, Queensland 4111, Australia
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Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119074, Singapore
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Department of Psychological Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore 119074, Singapore
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Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Institute for Health Innovation and Technology (iHealthtech), Singapore 119074, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2699; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152699
Received: 7 June 2019 / Revised: 19 July 2019 / Accepted: 25 July 2019 / Published: 29 July 2019
The applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in aiding clinical decision-making and management of stroke and heart diseases have become increasingly common in recent years, thanks in part to technological advancements and the heightened interest of the research and medical community. This study aims to provide a comprehensive picture of global trends and developments of AI applications relating to stroke and heart diseases, identifying research gaps and suggesting future directions for research and policy-making. A novel analysis approach that combined bibliometrics analysis with a more complex analysis of abstract content using exploratory factor analysis and Latent Dirichlet allocation, which uncovered emerging research domains and topics, was adopted. Data were extracted from the Web of Science database. Results showed topics with the most compelling growth to be AI for big data analysis, robotic prosthesis, robotics-assisted stroke rehabilitation, and minimally invasive surgery. The study also found an emerging landscape of research that was centered on population-specific and early detection of stroke and heart disease. Application of AI in health behavior tracking and improvement as well as the use of robotics in medical diagnostics and prognostication have also been found to attract significant research attention. In light of these findings, it is suggested that the currently under-researched issues of data management, AI model reliability, as well as validation of its clinical utility, need to be further explored in future research and policy decisions to maximize the benefits of AI applications in stroke and heart diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial intelligence; cerebrovascular; heart diseases; bibliometrics; scientometrics artificial intelligence; cerebrovascular; heart diseases; bibliometrics; scientometrics
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Tran, B.X.; Latkin, C.A.; Vu, G.T.; Nguyen, H.L.T.; Nghiem, S.; Tan, M.-X.; Lim, Z.-K.; Ho, C.S.; Ho, R.C. The Current Research Landscape of the Application of Artificial Intelligence in Managing Cerebrovascular and Heart Diseases: A Bibliometric and Content Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2699.

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