Next Article in Journal
Common Mental Health Disorders among Informal Waste Pickers in Johannesburg, South Africa 2018—A Cross-Sectional Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Association Between Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness and Combinations of Mild Cognitive Impairment and Pre-Frailty in Older Adults
Previous Article in Journal
Associations Among Health Insurance Type, Cardiovascular Risk Factors, and the Risk of Dementia: A Prospective Cohort Study in Korea
Previous Article in Special Issue
Falls in Parkinson’s Disease Subtypes: Risk Factors, Locations and Circumstances
Article

Instrumental Activities of Daily Living: The Processes Involved in and Performance of These Activities by Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Subjective Memory Complaints

1
Doctoral Program of Clinical Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Health Science, Kagoshima University 8-35-1, Sakuragaoka Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan
2
Faculty of Health Science, Kyoto Tachibana University 34, Yamada-cho, Oyake Yamashina-Ku, Kyoto 607-8175, Japan
3
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Life Science, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1, Honjo, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto 860-8556, Japan
4
Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
5
Graduate School of Health Science, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1, Sakuragaoka Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2617; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142617
Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 19 July 2019 / Accepted: 20 July 2019 / Published: 23 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geriatrics Syndromes Prevention)
Subjective memory complaints (SMCs) may predict the onset of dementia. The purpose of this study was to clarify characteristics of performance of activities of daily living (ADL) for older adults with SMCs and to offer support options that enable them to maintain their community-based lifestyle. A self-administered questionnaire was sent to 2000 randomly selected members of CO-OP Kagoshima, and 621 responded. 270 responders answered all questions were categorized into SMC (+) group and SMC (−) group (n = 133). Participants were evaluated the Process Analysis of Daily Activity for Dementia. A 2-sample t-test or the Chi-square test were used to compare the averages of continuous variables or the proportions of categorical variables. The results showed the SMC (+) group ranked significantly lower in ability to use the telephone, shop, cook, do housekeeping, manage finances, and manage medications compared with the SMC (−) group. In addition, the SMC (+) group was significantly less independent than the SMC (−) group in many processes requiring the use of tools, operation of machines, management of goods, selection of tools, and monitoring. To enable continued independence of older adults’ experiencing SMCs, it may be important to analyze their performance of ADL and to develop plans for supporting their strengths. View Full-Text
Keywords: activities of daily living; dementia; instrumental activities of daily living; mild cognitive impairment; subjective memory complaints activities of daily living; dementia; instrumental activities of daily living; mild cognitive impairment; subjective memory complaints
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ikeda, Y.; Ogawa, N.; Yoshiura, K.; Han, G.; Maruta, M.; Hotta, M.; Tabira, T. Instrumental Activities of Daily Living: The Processes Involved in and Performance of These Activities by Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Subjective Memory Complaints. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142617

AMA Style

Ikeda Y, Ogawa N, Yoshiura K, Han G, Maruta M, Hotta M, Tabira T. Instrumental Activities of Daily Living: The Processes Involved in and Performance of These Activities by Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Subjective Memory Complaints. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(14):2617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142617

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ikeda, Yuriko, Noriyuki Ogawa, Kazuhiro Yoshiura, Gwanghee Han, Michio Maruta, Maki Hotta, and Takayuki Tabira. 2019. "Instrumental Activities of Daily Living: The Processes Involved in and Performance of These Activities by Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Subjective Memory Complaints" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 14: 2617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142617

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop