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Open AccessArticle

Time Matters Differently in Leisure Experience for Men and Women: Leisure Dedication and Time Perspective

Department of Social Psychology and Quantitative Psychology, University of Barcelona, 08035 Barcelona, Spain
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2513; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142513
Received: 24 May 2019 / Revised: 25 June 2019 / Accepted: 11 July 2019 / Published: 14 July 2019
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Abstract

There are inequalities with respect to the amount of time men and women spend on leisure. Therefore, it can be assumed that these inequalities are also manifested in the experiences derived from leisure activities and in certain attitudes to life associated with the amount of time devoted to leisure, which emphasize time orientations towards the past, present and future. Based on these ideas, this study analyses the time spent on leisure activities, leisure experience (i.e., perceptions of freedom and satisfaction), and the five factors of the time perspective (hedonistic and fatalistic present; positive and negative past; and future orientation). Participants were 435 men and 434 women, ranging from 18 to 24 years (sample mean M = 21.14, standard deviation SD = 1.99). Two tools were used: a questionnaire about leisure experience, based on the time budget technique, and the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. The results show significant gender differences: men have more leisure time, but women have a more positive leisure experience and time perspectives than men. It can be concluded that women enjoy themselves more with less available leisure time and are more positive with regard to time orientations. View Full-Text
Keywords: leisure; leisure time; leisure experience; time perspective; time budget; gender leisure; leisure time; leisure experience; time perspective; time budget; gender
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Codina, N.; Pestana, J.V. Time Matters Differently in Leisure Experience for Men and Women: Leisure Dedication and Time Perspective. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2513.

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