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Open AccessArticle

Facilitating Community Risk Communication for Wide-Area Evacuation during Large-Scale Floods

1
Disaster and Environmentally Sustainable Administration Research Center, University of Yamanashi, Kofu City, Yamanashi 400-8511, Japan
2
Sanpoh Co., Ltd., Kai City, Yamanashi 400-0111, Japan
3
Civil and Environmental Engineering Course, Integrated Graduate School of Medicine, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences, University of Yamanashi, Kofu City, Yamanashi 400-8511, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2466; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142466
Received: 3 June 2019 / Revised: 7 July 2019 / Accepted: 9 July 2019 / Published: 11 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Demonstrated Community Disaster Resilience)
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Abstract

Large-scale floods have been occurring more frequently in Japan as a result of current global weather anomalies, yet evacuation procedures face several issues. These include low evacuation rates of citizens, wide-area evacuation by car, and residents who cannot evacuate on their own. For example, in the Kofu Basin, Yamanashi Prefecture, due to the size of the potential inundation area and a population that exceeds 300,000 people spread across 10 municipalities, a large number of residents would have to evacuate across municipal boundaries by car. The author proposed and applied a risk communication method to the Riverside District, Chuo City (with about 1400 households and a population of about 4000), assisting in developing a community disaster management plan for wide-area evacuation without a single victim in case of floods, which has been in place for three years. The next step was risk communication to key stakeholders, such as national, prefectural, and municipal governments. Finally, a public symposium on large-scale evacuation in the Kofu Basin was held. During the panel discussion with representatives of the Kofu River and National Road Office, prefectural government of Yamanashi, the municipality, community residents, and the author as panelists, the role of each stakeholder in area-wide evacuation was clarified and confirmed. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk communications; CAUSE model; BECAUSE model; wide-area evacuation; expected maximum rainfall; community disaster management plan; flood; role of stakeholders risk communications; CAUSE model; BECAUSE model; wide-area evacuation; expected maximum rainfall; community disaster management plan; flood; role of stakeholders
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Suzuki, T.; Watanabe, T.; Okuyama, S. Facilitating Community Risk Communication for Wide-Area Evacuation during Large-Scale Floods. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2466.

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