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Article

The Impact of a Community-Based Food Education Program on Nutrition-Related Knowledge in Middle-Aged and Older Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: Results of a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

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Department of Sports Sciences, Exercise and Health, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal
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Polytechnic Institute of Viseu, 3504-510 Viseu, Portugal
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EPIUnit—Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, 4050-091 Porto, Portugal
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Departamento de Ciências da Saúde Pública e Forenses e Educação Médica, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal
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Public Health Unit, ACES Douro I—Marão e Douro Norte, Northern Region Health Administration, 5000-524 Vila Real, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(13), 2403; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132403
Received: 17 May 2019 / Revised: 1 July 2019 / Accepted: 5 July 2019 / Published: 6 July 2019
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a community-based food education program on nutrition-related knowledge in middle-aged and older patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Participants (n = 36; 65.9 ± 6.0 years old) were recruited in primary health care to a 9-month community-based lifestyle intervention program for patients with T2D and randomly assigned to an exercise program (control group; n = 16) or an exercise program plus a food education program (experimental group; n = 20). Nutrition-related knowledge was assessed through a modified version of the General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire. The increase in total nutrition-related knowledge score and sources of nutrients area score was significantly higher in the experimental group compared to the control group. No significant changes in nutrition-related knowledge were found between groups in dietary recommendations and diet-disease relationship areas, although improvements were observed. This community-based food education program, with the use of easy to implement strategies (short-duration lectures and dual-task problem solving activities during exercise), had a positive and encouraging impact on nutrition-related knowledge in middle-aged and older patients with T2D. View Full-Text
Keywords: community-based intervention; food education program; nutrition-related knowledge; type 2 diabetes community-based intervention; food education program; nutrition-related knowledge; type 2 diabetes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vasconcelos, C.; Almeida, A.; Cabral, M.; Ramos, E.; Mendes, R. The Impact of a Community-Based Food Education Program on Nutrition-Related Knowledge in Middle-Aged and Older Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: Results of a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2403. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132403

AMA Style

Vasconcelos C, Almeida A, Cabral M, Ramos E, Mendes R. The Impact of a Community-Based Food Education Program on Nutrition-Related Knowledge in Middle-Aged and Older Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: Results of a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(13):2403. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132403

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vasconcelos, Carlos, António Almeida, Maria Cabral, Elisabete Ramos, and Romeu Mendes. 2019. "The Impact of a Community-Based Food Education Program on Nutrition-Related Knowledge in Middle-Aged and Older Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: Results of a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 13: 2403. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132403

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