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Open AccessArticle

Multi-Indicator Approach for Characterising Urban Green Space Provision at City and City-District Level in Germany

1
Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development, Weberplatz 1, 01217 Dresden, Germany
2
State Capital of Dresden, Environmental Office, P.O. Box 120020, D-01001 Dresden, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(13), 2300; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132300
Received: 14 May 2019 / Revised: 24 June 2019 / Accepted: 25 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Ecosystem Services)
This paper addresses the question of how a sustainable urban development can be supported through simple measured quantities in the context of the specific provision of green space and open space. The specific provision of green space is analysed based on a combination of six indicators that describe, on the one hand, the access of inhabitants to green spaces and on the other hand, the settlement character as well as the strong anthropogenic imprint on the urban landscape. The indicators were calculated and combined in a 9-cell matrix for classifying the areas studied. The implementation was carried out at two scales for all German cities with at least 50,000 inhabitants as well as exemplarily for city districts of eight big cities. The calculated indicator values for representing green characteristics decrease with increasing number of inhabitants, whereas the opposite relationship was obtained for the indicators of the grey characteristics. We show how the approach provides an in-depth morphological assessment of German cities ranking their scores from low to the high presence of grey/green characteristics. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem service; green characteristic; green space access; grey characteristic; hemeroby; settlement density; soil sealing ecosystem service; green characteristic; green space access; grey characteristic; hemeroby; settlement density; soil sealing
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Grunewald, K.; Richter, B.; Behnisch, M. Multi-Indicator Approach for Characterising Urban Green Space Provision at City and City-District Level in Germany. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2300.

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