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The Distribution of Available Prevention and Management Interventions for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (2007 to 2017): Implications for Collaborative Actions

1
School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town 8001, South Africa
2
Child and Family Studies, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town 8001, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2244; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122244
Received: 13 April 2019 / Revised: 5 June 2019 / Accepted: 18 June 2019 / Published: 25 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD))
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Abstract

The global prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) remains high despite the various preventive and management interventions that have been designed and implemented to tackle the issue in various settings. The aim of the scoping review is to identify and classify prevention and management interventions of FASD reported globally across the life span and to map the concentration of these interventions across the globe. We searched some selected databases with predefined terms. Framework and narrative approaches were used to synthesize and report on the findings. Thirty-two prevention intervention studies and 41 management interventions studies were identified. All the interventions were reported to be effective or showed promising outcomes for the prevention and management of FASD, except four. Although Europe and Africa have a relatively higher prevalence of FASD, the lowest number of interventions to address FASD were identified in these regions. Most of the interventions for FASD were reported in North America with comparatively lower FASD prevalence. The uneven distribution of interventions designed for FASD vis-à-vis the burden of FASD in the different regions calls for a concerted effort for knowledge and intervention sharing to enhance the design of contextually sensitive preventive and management policy in the different regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: fetal alcohol spectrum disorder; perinatal alcohol exposure; prevention; management; interventions; scoping review; pregnant women; children; adults; development disabilities fetal alcohol spectrum disorder; perinatal alcohol exposure; prevention; management; interventions; scoping review; pregnant women; children; adults; development disabilities
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Adebiyi, B.O.; Mukumbang, F.C.; Erasmus, C. The Distribution of Available Prevention and Management Interventions for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (2007 to 2017): Implications for Collaborative Actions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2244.

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