Next Article in Journal
Research on Measurement of Symbiosis Degree Between National Fitness and the Sports Industry from the Perspective of Collaborative Development
Next Article in Special Issue
The Use of a Quasi-Experimental Study on the Mortality Effect of a Heat Wave Warning System in Korea
Previous Article in Journal
Association between Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use and Chronic Diseases in the Elderly
Previous Article in Special Issue
Evaluating the Risk of Epidemic Thunderstorm Asthma: Lessons from Australia
Open AccessArticle

A Survey of Rural Residents’ Perception and Response to Health Risks from Hot Weather in Ethnic Minority Areas in Southwest China

School of Public Management, South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan 430074, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2190; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122190
Received: 26 April 2019 / Revised: 31 May 2019 / Accepted: 19 June 2019 / Published: 21 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Extreme Weather Events and Health)
Ethnic minority areas in southwestern China are facing frequent high-temperature heatwaves. The health risk perceptions and responses of the local residents need to be investigated in order to formulate public policies to mitigate the impacts of climate change on health. In this study, a household survey was conducted in Pengshui Miao and Tujia Autonomous County of Chongqing from January to February 2019. A total of 624 local residents were sampled using the multi-stage sampling method. We used multivariate logistic regression models to explore the factors affecting risk perceptions and responses with regard to hot weather. The results showed that despite a relatively high level of risk perception, the study population had a very low level of willingness to see a doctor (24.4%), especially ethnic minority residents (17.5%). In particular, 80% of residents were aware of climate warming and 79% of residents were aware of the health risks of hot weather. Almost all survey participants reported a response to hot weather, with more than half of the participants stating that they would go somewhere cooler (58.5%) and drink more water (56.3%). Compared with the Han Chinese, ethnic minority participants had a higher perception of warm temperature (p <0.001) and associated health risks (p <0.001) but a lower perception of physical discomfort (p <0.001) and aggravated diseases (p = 0.001). The logistic models indicated that ethnic minority, residence time, outdoor working hours, and health status can significantly influence perceptions and subsequently significantly affect coping behaviors. In conclusion, our findings provide significant implications for the development of policies and health education and promotion programs for ethnic minorities in southwest China to aid them in maintaining good health during future hot weather events. View Full-Text
Keywords: hot weather; health risk; perception; response; ethnic minority areas; southwestern China hot weather; health risk; perception; response; ethnic minority areas; southwestern China
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, H.; Guan, J.; Ye, H.; Yang, H. A Survey of Rural Residents’ Perception and Response to Health Risks from Hot Weather in Ethnic Minority Areas in Southwest China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2190.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop