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Open AccessArticle

When and How Do Emotional Intelligence and Flourishing Protect against Suicide Risk in Adolescent Bullying Victims?

1
Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, University of Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain
2
Department of Social Psychology, Social Work, Social Anthropology and East Asian Studies, Faculty of Psychology, University of Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain
3
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2114; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122114
Received: 16 May 2019 / Revised: 6 June 2019 / Accepted: 12 June 2019 / Published: 14 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue School Health and Wellbeing)
This study contributes to current knowledge on the protective role of emotional intelligence and flourishing in cases of suicide risk (namely depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation) in a sample of adolescent victims of traditional bullying. The proposed model tested the mediator role of flourishing in the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and suicide risk together with the moderating effect of EI in the relationship between low flourishing and increased suicide risk. Considering an initial sample of 1847 adolescents (52.5% female), a subsample of 494 pure bullying victims (61.3% female) took part in this research. The main results showed EI to be linked to decreased suicide risk through levels of flourishing. Moreover, EI buffered the relationship between low flourishing and the associated suicide risk. Victimized adolescents with both low levels of EI and of flourishing reported higher levels of suicide risk than their counterparts with high EI levels. This suggests the protective role of EI of both predicting higher flourishing and reducing the likelihood of suicide risk among victimized adolescents with low levels of flourishing. Finally, the practical implications of these novel findings regarding the role of EI and flourishing in the prevention of suicide risk among victimized adolescents are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicidal ideation; depressive symptoms; flourishing; emotional intelligence; adolescence; bullying victimization suicidal ideation; depressive symptoms; flourishing; emotional intelligence; adolescence; bullying victimization
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Rey, L.; Mérida-López, S.; Sánchez-Álvarez, N.; Extremera, N. When and How Do Emotional Intelligence and Flourishing Protect against Suicide Risk in Adolescent Bullying Victims? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2114.

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