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Open AccessArticle

Players’ Physical Performance Decreased After Two-Thirds of the Season: Results of 3 Consecutive Seasons in the German First Bundesliga

1
Department of Team Games, University School of Physical Education, 51-612 Wrocław, Poland
2
Department of Biological and Motor Sport Bases, University School of Physical Education, 51-612 Wrocław, Poland
3
Titi Sport Technology Company, Shenzhen 510810, China
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Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra, 3040-156 Coimbra, Portugal
5
Football Club, Hannover 96, 30169 Hannover, Germany
6
Department of Recreation, University School of Physical Education, 60-101 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(11), 2044; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16112044
Received: 16 April 2019 / Revised: 31 May 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 10 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health, Exercise and Sports Performance)
The study aimed to: (1) investigate physical and technical performance among players during six consecutive phases of a competitive season, (2) determine if levels of match running and technical performance between the 1st and 6th phases of a season can be maintained, (3) and determine which phase features the lowest and highest values for variables assessed. Seventy out of 556 outfield players who played at least 80% of the matches in each phase of the Bundesliga seasons were analysed. Each season was divided into 6 phases: phase 1 (matches 1–6), phase 2 (7–11), phase 3 (12–17), phase 4 (18–23), phase 5 (24–28) and phase 6 (29–34). Thirteen variables were selected to quantify the physical and technical activity of players. Our results showed that by reducing the distances covered at intensities below 11 km·h−1, players were able to cover greater distances at intensities in the range of 11–13.99 and 21–23.99 km·h−1 in subsequent phases of a season. Players’ capacity to maintain match running and technical performance between the first and sixth phases of the season has been demonstrated, though the 4th phase of the season showed a breakthrough point as regards the maintenance of exercise capacity among players participating in the Bundesliga. View Full-Text
Keywords: soccer; motion analysis; match running performance; phases; intra-seasonal variation soccer; motion analysis; match running performance; phases; intra-seasonal variation
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Chmura, P.; Konefał, M.; Wong, D.P.; Figueiredo, A.J.; Kowalczuk, E.; Rokita, A.; Chmura, J.; Andrzejewski, M. Players’ Physical Performance Decreased After Two-Thirds of the Season: Results of 3 Consecutive Seasons in the German First Bundesliga. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2044.

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