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Open AccessArticle

Interpersonal Sensitivity and Loneliness among Chinese Gay Men: A Cross-Sectional Survey

1
School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, 115# Donghu Road, Wuhan 430071, China
2
Global Health Institute, Wuhan University, 115# Donghu Road, Wuhan 430071, China
3
Department of Sociology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, RM 431, Sino Building, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
4
Office of Public Health Studies, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(11), 2039; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16112039
Received: 23 March 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 4 June 2019 / Published: 8 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health and Wellbeing in Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity)
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Abstract

To understand the current status of, and factors related to interpersonal sensitivity (IS) and loneliness among Chinese gay men. The Chinese version SCL-90-R was used to evaluate the status of IS, and the short-form UCLA Loneliness scale (ULS-8) was used for assessing loneliness level. Associations between demographics and IS were examined by chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regress analysis. Linear regression was used to assess the correlations between demographic factors and IS and loneliness. Dating practices and venues were summarized by multiple responses. Gay men who screened positive IS was identified in 36%. Age (OR25–29 = 8.731, 95% CI 2.296 to 33.139), education level (ORcollege = 0.037, 95% CI 0.046 to 0.911), being the only-child at home (ORyes = 4.733, 95% CI 2.293 to 9.733), monthly income (OR>7000 = 0.228, 95% CI 0.055 to 0.944), numbers of current sexual partners (OR1 = 0.285, 95% CI 0.129 to 0.629; OR2 = 0.109 95% CI 0.027 to 0.431) were related to IS. IS was also associated with a higher score of ULS-8 (β = 6.903, p < 0.001). Other variables associated with the score of ULS-8 included: living in a non-nuclear family (β = 0.998, p = 0.020), being a college student (β = −1.556, p = 0.044), having a higher monthly income (β for 3000–5000 yuan = −1.177, p = 0.045; β for over 7000 yuan = −2.207, p = 0.002), having sexual partners (all β < 1, p < 0.001), being the only-child (β = 1.393, p = 0.005). Nearly half of the sample (46.78%) reported that they looked for dating partners on the Internet or dating apps. IS and loneliness are positively correlated. Our study suggests that more humanistic care and social support should be given to Chinese gay men. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chinese gay men; interpersonal sensitivity; loneliness; influencing factors Chinese gay men; interpersonal sensitivity; loneliness; influencing factors
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Jiang, D.; Hou, Y.; Chen, X.; Wang, R.; Fu, C.; Li, B.; Jin, L.; Lee, T.; Liu, X. Interpersonal Sensitivity and Loneliness among Chinese Gay Men: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2039.

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