Next Article in Journal
Assessment of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Physical Activity Levels, and Quality of Life in Stratified Groups up to 10 Years after Bariatric Surgery
Next Article in Special Issue
Adolescent Smoking in Secondary Schools that Have Implemented Smoke-Free Policies: In-Depth Exploration of Shared Smoking Patterns
Previous Article in Journal
Adsorption Performance of Activated-Carbon-Loaded Nonwoven Filters Used in Filtering Facepiece Respirators
Previous Article in Special Issue
Mental Health among Left-Behind Children in Rural China in Relation to Parent-Child Communication
 
 
Article

The Association between Perceived Adequacy and Capacity for School Food Policy Implementation with Food Availability and Policy Adherence in Nova Scotia, Canada

1
Healthy Populations Institute, Dalhousie University, PO Box 15000, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada
2
Faculty of Education, Mount Saint Vincent University, 166 Bedford Highway, Halifax, NS B3M 2J6, Canada
3
MRC Epidemiology Unit/CEDAR, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0SL, UK
4
School of Population and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
5
School of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Health, Dalhousie University, PO Box 15000, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(11), 1974; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16111974
Received: 21 April 2019 / Revised: 24 May 2019 / Accepted: 3 June 2019 / Published: 4 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue School Health and Wellbeing)
Supporting the implementation of school food and nutrition policies is an international priority to encourage healthier eating among children and youth. Schools are an important intervention setting to promote childhood nutrition, and many jurisdictions have adopted policies, guidelines, and programs to modify the school nutrition environment and promote healthier eating. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between perceived adequacy of facilities or equipment and capacity of staff to support policy implementation with food availability and policy adherence in the province of Nova Scotia (NS), Canada, one of the first regions in Canada to launch a comprehensive school food and nutrition policy (SFNP). A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in 2014–2015 to provide a current-state assessment of policy implementation and adherence. Adequacy and capacity for food policy implementation was used to assess policy adherence through the availability of prohibited ‘minimum’ nutrition foods. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted on a selection of available foods, and ‘slow’- and ‘quick’-service food composition measures were dichotomized for food availability. Schools with above-average perceived adequacy and capacity for policy implementation had greater odds (OR = 3.62, CI = 1.56, 8.40) of adhering to a lunch policy, while schools that adhered to a snack and lunch policy had lower odds (OR = 0.48, CI = 0.23, 1.01 and OR = 0.18, CI = 0.08, 0.41) of serving quick-service foods. This study identified the need for appropriate adequacy of facilities or equipment and capacity of staff for policy implementation to ensure policy adherence and improve the school food environment. These findings highlight the relationship between school food and nutrition policies, suggesting that better supporting their implementation could increase the likelihood of their success. View Full-Text
Keywords: school health; child/adolescent health; health education; health promotion; school nutrition; school food; policy school health; child/adolescent health; health education; health promotion; school nutrition; school food; policy
MDPI and ACS Style

McIsaac, J.-L.D.; Penney, T.L.; Mâsse, L.; Kirk, S.F.L. The Association between Perceived Adequacy and Capacity for School Food Policy Implementation with Food Availability and Policy Adherence in Nova Scotia, Canada. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1974. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16111974

AMA Style

McIsaac J-LD, Penney TL, Mâsse L, Kirk SFL. The Association between Perceived Adequacy and Capacity for School Food Policy Implementation with Food Availability and Policy Adherence in Nova Scotia, Canada. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(11):1974. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16111974

Chicago/Turabian Style

McIsaac, Jessie-Lee D., Tarra L. Penney, Louise Mâsse, and Sara F.L. Kirk. 2019. "The Association between Perceived Adequacy and Capacity for School Food Policy Implementation with Food Availability and Policy Adherence in Nova Scotia, Canada" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 11: 1974. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16111974

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop