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Recovery Degree of the Natural Flow Regimes and the Corresponding Economic Costs for Reservoir Operation in Fish Spawning Seasons

1
College of Water Resources & Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience & Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Plateau Ecology and Agriculture, Qinghai University, Xining 810016, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(10), 1699; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101699
Received: 19 March 2019 / Revised: 8 May 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Resources Systems Quality and Quantity Management)
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Abstract

The construction of large-scale reservoirs alters the natural flow process downstream and inevitably affects the aquatic organism. Current studies have verified that flow regimes play an important role in fish spawning stimulus. Recovery of the flow regimes may be incompatible with the economic benefit, mainly referring to hydropower generation. In this study, multiple models are established to study the relationship between the recovery degree of the natural flow regimes and the cost of the hydropower generation in spawning season for different hydrological years. The flow regimes are first quantitatively described by three characteristic parameters including the number of floods, the average duration of each flood, and the daily increment of the natural flow. The model for ecological operation needs to approach these characteristics as close as possible, while the model for economic benefit is set to generate power as much as possible. The ecological flow constraint is also considered to shape the flow process pattern. The proposed methodology is applied on the upper reaches of the Yellow River, where a large-scale reservoir is under planning. Different schemes are compared for different hydrological years to answer the question that to what extent can we recover the flow regime by reservoir operation, and how much the corresponding economic cost is. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantitative relationship; fish spawning; reservoir operation; hydropower generation; upper reaches of the Yellow river quantitative relationship; fish spawning; reservoir operation; hydropower generation; upper reaches of the Yellow river
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Liu, C.-M.; Qiu, J.; Li, F.-F. Recovery Degree of the Natural Flow Regimes and the Corresponding Economic Costs for Reservoir Operation in Fish Spawning Seasons. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1699.

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