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Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Cardiovascular Disease

1
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA
2
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA
3
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kansas City VA Medical Center, Kansas City, MO 64128, USA
4
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of California San Francisco, Fresno, CA 93701, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
DiGiacomo and Jazayeri are co-first authors and contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 96; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010096
Received: 7 December 2018 / Revised: 24 December 2018 / Accepted: 24 December 2018 / Published: 31 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Tobacco Smoke: Exposure and Effects)
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and its sequelae are among the largest economic and healthcare burdens in the United States and worldwide. The relationship between active smoking and atherosclerosis is well-described in the literature. However, the specific mechanisms by which ETS influences atherosclerosis are incompletely understood. In this paper, we highlight the definition and chemical constituents of ETS, review the existing literature outlining the effects of ETS on atherogenesis and thrombosis in both animal and human models, and briefly outline the public health implications of ETS based on these data. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental tobacco smoke; cardiovascular disease; atherosclerosis; thrombosis; plaque biology; cigarettes; smoking cessation; public health environmental tobacco smoke; cardiovascular disease; atherosclerosis; thrombosis; plaque biology; cigarettes; smoking cessation; public health
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DiGiacomo, S.I.; Jazayeri, M.-A.; Barua, R.S.; Ambrose, J.A. Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Cardiovascular Disease. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 96.

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