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Relation between Environmental Factors and Children’s Health Behaviors Contributing to the Occurrence of Diet-Related Diseases in Central Poland

Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences WULS-SGGW, 159c Nowoursynowska Str., 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010052
Received: 15 October 2018 / Revised: 6 December 2018 / Accepted: 21 December 2018 / Published: 26 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Proper nutrition is a key element in maintaining normal body weight in children and one of the most important factors influencing their optimum development, growth, and health in the future. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify environmental factors which affect health behaviors of children aged 7–14, contributing to the occurrence of diet-related diseases. The study was performed with participation of 892 school children. The investigated environmental factors were as follows: the place of residence, maternal education level, and the level of family income. A questionnaire was used to collect the data from mothers. The study indicated a prevalence of overweight and obesity among children of 13.9% and 1.2%, respectively. Being underweight applied to 20.0% of examined children, more often to girls. In terms of nutritional behaviors an insufficient consumption of vegetables, fruit, whole grain products, dairy products, and fish was observed. The frequency of vegetable and fruit consumption significantly decreased with an increase in child’s body mass index (BMI) (G = −0.110, p < 0.05 and G = −00.114, p < 0.05). Overall, 29.7% of children devoted less than 30 minutes a day to physical activity, besides the physical education classes at school. Boys were more often physically active than girls (G = 0.205, p < 0.0005). There was a positive correlation between frequency of vegetable (G = 0.167, p < 0.0005) and fruit (G = 0.155, p < 0.005) consumption and mothers’ education level. Girls ate fruit more frequently than boys (G = 0.116, p < 0.05). Higher family income was associated with more frequent whole grain consumption (G = 0.095, p < 0.05), while living in the city was negatively correlated with activity (G = −0.121, p < 0.05) and dairy consumption (G = −0.186, p < 0.005). Continuous investigation of environmental factors affecting children eating behaviors may help to bring benefits in increasing the effectiveness of health promotion and educational programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood behaviors; diet; physical activity; chronic disease; social determinants; overweight; mother education influence; place of residence influence; income influence childhood behaviors; diet; physical activity; chronic disease; social determinants; overweight; mother education influence; place of residence influence; income influence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zadka, K.; Pałkowska-Goździk, E.; Rosołowska-Huszcz, D. Relation between Environmental Factors and Children’s Health Behaviors Contributing to the Occurrence of Diet-Related Diseases in Central Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010052

AMA Style

Zadka K, Pałkowska-Goździk E, Rosołowska-Huszcz D. Relation between Environmental Factors and Children’s Health Behaviors Contributing to the Occurrence of Diet-Related Diseases in Central Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(1):52. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010052

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zadka, Katarzyna; Pałkowska-Goździk, Ewelina; Rosołowska-Huszcz, Danuta. 2019. "Relation between Environmental Factors and Children’s Health Behaviors Contributing to the Occurrence of Diet-Related Diseases in Central Poland" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 1: 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010052

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