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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 140; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010140

Resistance Exercise Intensity is Correlated with Attenuation of HbA1c and Insulin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Exercise and Metabolism Research Center, College of Physical Education and Health Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
2
Zhejiang Sports Science Institute, Hangzhou 310004, China
3
Department of Sports Sciences, University of Taipei, Taipei 111, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2018 / Revised: 2 January 2019 / Accepted: 2 January 2019 / Published: 7 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
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Abstract

We investigated the influence of resistance exercise (RE) with different intensities on HbA1c, insulin and blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Diabetes trials that compared RE group with a control were included in meta-analysis. Exercise intensities were categorized into low-to-moderate-intensity and high-intensity subgroups. Intensity effect on glycemic control was determined by meta-regression analysis, and risk-of-bias was assessed using Cochrane Collaboration tool. 24 trials met the inclusion criteria, comprised of 962 patients of exercise (n = 491) and control (n = 471). Meta-regression analysis showed decreased HbA1c (p = 0.006) and insulin (p = 0.015) after RE was correlated with intensity. Subgroup analysis revealed decreased HbA1c was greater with high intensity (−0.61; 95% CI −0.90, −0.33) than low-to-moderate intensity (−0.23; 95% CI −0.41, −0.05). Insulin levels were significantly decreased only with high intensity (−4.60; 95% CI −7.53, −1.67), not with low-to-moderate intensity (0.07; 95% CI −3.28, 3.42). Notably, values between the subgroups were statistically significant for both HbA1c (p = 0.03) and insulin (p = 0.04), indicative of profound benefits of high-intensity RE. Pooled outcomes of 15 trials showed only a decreased trend in blood glucose with RE (p = 0.09), and this tendency was not associated with intensity. Our meta-analysis provides additional evidence that high-intensity RE has greater beneficial effects than low-to-moderate-intensity in attenuation of HbA1c and insulin in T2D patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes; strength training; glycosylated hemoglobin; insulin; meta-regression diabetes; strength training; glycosylated hemoglobin; insulin; meta-regression
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Liu, Y.; Ye, W.; Chen, Q.; Zhang, Y.; Kuo, C.-H.; Korivi, M. Resistance Exercise Intensity is Correlated with Attenuation of HbA1c and Insulin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 140.

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