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Article

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Associated Factors among Vegetarians in Malaysia

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Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia
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Research Centre of Excellence, Nutrition and Non-Communicable Diseases, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia
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Programme of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
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Malaysia Research Institute on Ageing (MyAgeing), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 2031; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15092031
Received: 20 June 2018 / Revised: 3 September 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 17 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
The prevalence and factors associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) remain unknown in Malaysian vegetarians. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of MetS among vegetarians in Kuala Lumpur and Selangor and its associated factors. The data on socio-demographic characteristics, vegetarianism practises, lifestyle behaviours, body weight, height, waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fasting blood glucose (FBG), and blood lipid profiles were collected from 273 vegetarians. A majority of the respondents were lacto-ovo vegetarians (44.0%), females (64.8%) and Chinese (54.9%). The prevalence of MetS was 24.2%. High BP (48.7%) and high WC (43.6%) were the most common MetS components. Females had lower WC, SBP, DBP, FBG, TG and higher HDL-c (p < 0.05) as compared to males. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that being overweight and obese (Odds Ratio (OR) = 7.74, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 4.04–14.82) was the main risk factor of MetS after being adjusted for sex and age. This study found that one in four vegetarians had MetS. An intervention programme should be developed to reduce Body Mass Index (BMI) among vegetarians, especially among those who are found to be overweight and obese. View Full-Text
Keywords: metabolic syndrome; vegetarian; vegetarianism practises; overweight; lifestyle behaviours metabolic syndrome; vegetarian; vegetarianism practises; overweight; lifestyle behaviours
MDPI and ACS Style

Ching, Y.K.; Chin, Y.S.; Appukutty, M.; Gan, W.Y.; Ramanchadran, V.; Chan, Y.M. Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Associated Factors among Vegetarians in Malaysia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2031. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15092031

AMA Style

Ching YK, Chin YS, Appukutty M, Gan WY, Ramanchadran V, Chan YM. Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Associated Factors among Vegetarians in Malaysia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(9):2031. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15092031

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ching, Yuan K., Yit S. Chin, Mahenderan Appukutty, Wan Y. Gan, Vasudevan Ramanchadran, and Yoke M. Chan 2018. "Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Associated Factors among Vegetarians in Malaysia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 9: 2031. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15092031

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