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Healthy Indoor Environments: The Need for a Holistic Approach

1
Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
2
Environmental Psychology, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
3
Department of Psychology, Lund University, P.O. Box 213, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
4
Building Services, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
5
Materials Science and Applied Mathematics, Malmö University, SE-205 06 Malmö, Sweden
6
Building Physics, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
7
Certec, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
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Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS), Lund University, P.O. Box 170, 22 100 Lund, Sweden
9
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Scheelevägen 2, 22 363 Lund, Sweden
10
Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy (CIEE), Danish University of Technology, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 1874; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091874
Received: 1 July 2018 / Revised: 23 August 2018 / Accepted: 27 August 2018 / Published: 30 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor Environmental Quality)
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PDF [371 KB, uploaded 31 August 2018]

Abstract

Indoor environments have a large impact on health and well-being, so it is important to understand what makes them healthy and sustainable. There is substantial knowledge on individual factors and their effects, though understanding how factors interact and what role occupants play in these interactions (both causative and receptive) is lacking. We aimed to: (i) explore interactions between factors and potential risks if these are not considered from holistic perspective; and (ii) identify components needed to advance research on indoor environments. The paper is based on collaboration between researchers from disciplines covering technical, behavioural, and medical perspectives. Outcomes were identified through literature reviews, discussions and workshops with invited experts and representatives from various stakeholder groups. Four themes emerged and were discussed with an emphasis on occupant health: (a) the bio-psycho-social aspects of health; (b) interaction between occupants, buildings and indoor environment; (c) climate change and its impact on indoor environment quality, thermal comfort and health; and (d) energy efficiency measures and indoor environment. To advance the relevant research, the indoor environment must be considered a dynamic and complex system with multiple interactions. This calls for a transdisciplinary and holistic approach and effective collaboration with various stakeholders. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthy indoor environment; holistic approach; transdisciplinary studies; multidisciplinary studies; indoor environment quality healthy indoor environment; holistic approach; transdisciplinary studies; multidisciplinary studies; indoor environment quality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wierzbicka, A.; Pedersen, E.; Persson, R.; Nordquist, B.; Stålne, K.; Gao, C.; Harderup, L.-E.; Borell, J.; Caltenco, H.; Ness, B.; Stroh, E.; Li, Y.; Dahlblom, M.; Lundgren-Kownacki, K.; Isaxon, C.; Gudmundsson, A.; Wargocki, P. Healthy Indoor Environments: The Need for a Holistic Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1874.

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