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Article

Relationships of Lower Lung Fibrosis, Pleural Disease, and Lung Mass with Occupational, Household, Neighborhood, and Slate Roof-Dense Area Residential Asbestos Exposure

1
Preventive, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Korea
2
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan 50612, Korea
3
Premedical College, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Korea
4
Environmental Health Center for Asbestos, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan 50612, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1638; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081638
Received: 26 June 2018 / Revised: 29 July 2018 / Accepted: 30 July 2018 / Published: 2 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Worker and Public Health and Safety: Current Views)
This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between various asbestos exposure routes and asbestos-related disorders (ARDs). The study population comprised 11,186 residents of a metropolitan city who lived near asbestos factories, shipyards, or in slate roof-dense areas. ARDs were determined from chest X-rays indicating lower lung fibrosis (LFF), pleural disease (PD), and lung masses (LMs). Of the subjects, 11.2%, 10.4%, 67.2% and 8.3% were exposed to asbestos via occupational, household, neighborhood, and slate roof routes, respectively. The odds ratio (OR) of PD from household exposure (i.e., living with asbestos-producing workers) was 1.9 (95% confidence interval: 0.9–4.2), and those of LLF and PD from neighborhood exposure, or residing near asbestos factories) for <19 or >20 years, or near a mine, were 4.1 (2.8–5.8) and 4.8 (3.4–6.7), 8.3 (5.5–12.3) and 8.0 (5.5–11.6), and 4.8 (2.7–8.5) and 9.0 (5.6–14.4), respectively. The ORs of LLF, PD, and LM among those residing in slate-dense areas were 5.5 (3.3–9.0), 8.8 (5.6–13.8), and 20.5 (10.4–40.4), respectively. Substantial proportions of citizens residing in industrialized cities have potentially been exposed to asbestos, and various exposure routes are associated with the development of ARDs. Given the limitations of this study, including potential confounders such as socioeconomic status, further research is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: asbestos; domestic; environmental; health impact survey; household; Korea; neighbor; roof; slate asbestos; domestic; environmental; health impact survey; household; Korea; neighbor; roof; slate
MDPI and ACS Style

Kang, D.; Kim, Y.-Y.; Shin, M.; Lee, M.-S.; Bae, H.-J.; Kim, S.-Y.; Kim, Y.-K. Relationships of Lower Lung Fibrosis, Pleural Disease, and Lung Mass with Occupational, Household, Neighborhood, and Slate Roof-Dense Area Residential Asbestos Exposure. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1638. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081638

AMA Style

Kang D, Kim Y-Y, Shin M, Lee M-S, Bae H-J, Kim S-Y, Kim Y-K. Relationships of Lower Lung Fibrosis, Pleural Disease, and Lung Mass with Occupational, Household, Neighborhood, and Slate Roof-Dense Area Residential Asbestos Exposure. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(8):1638. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081638

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kang, Dongmug, Yu-Young Kim, Minseung Shin, Min-Su Lee, Hee-Joo Bae, Se-Yeong Kim, and Young-Ki Kim. 2018. "Relationships of Lower Lung Fibrosis, Pleural Disease, and Lung Mass with Occupational, Household, Neighborhood, and Slate Roof-Dense Area Residential Asbestos Exposure" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 8: 1638. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081638

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