Questionnaires for Lung Health in Africa across the Life Course
AbstractRespiratory infections remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in many low and middle-income countries but non-communicable disease rates are rising fast. Prevalence studies have been primarily symptom-focused, with tools developed in countries in the Global North such as the United States and the United Kingdom. Systematic study in sub-Saharan African populations is necessary to accurately reflect disease risk factors present in these populations. We present tools for such studies, developed as part of the International Multidisciplinary Programme to Address Lung Health and TB in Africa (‘IMPALA’), which includes lay representatives. At a preliminary meeting, the adequacy and suitability of existing tools was discussed and a new questionnaire set proposed. Individual questionnaires were developed, and an expert panel considered content and criterion validity. Questionnaires underwent a cross-cultural adaptation process, incorporating translation and contextual ‘sense-checking’, through the use of pre-established lay focus groups in Malawi, before consensus-approval by project collaborators. The complete set of research questionnaires, providing information on lung health symptoms and a relevant range of potential risk factors for lung disease, is now available online. In developing the tools, cultural and contextual insights were important, as were translational considerations. The process benefitted from a foundation in expert knowledge, starting with validated tools and internationally respected research groups, and from a coordinated collaborative approach. We present and discuss a newly devised, contextually appropriate set of questionnaires for non-communicable lung disease research in Africa that are now available in open access for all to use. View Full-Text
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Saleh, S.; Van Zyl-Smit, R.; Allwood, B.; Lawin, H.; Mbatchou Ngahane, B.H.; Ayakaka, I.; Moyo, E.; El-Sony, A.; Mortimer, K.; Rylance, J. Questionnaires for Lung Health in Africa across the Life Course. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1615.
Saleh S, Van Zyl-Smit R, Allwood B, Lawin H, Mbatchou Ngahane BH, Ayakaka I, Moyo E, El-Sony A, Mortimer K, Rylance J. Questionnaires for Lung Health in Africa across the Life Course. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(8):1615.Chicago/Turabian Style
Saleh, Sepeedeh; Van Zyl-Smit, Richard; Allwood, Brian; Lawin, Herve; Mbatchou Ngahane, Bertrand H.; Ayakaka, Irene; Moyo, Elvis; El-Sony, Asma; Mortimer, Kevin; Rylance, Jamie. 2018. "Questionnaires for Lung Health in Africa across the Life Course." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 8: 1615.
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