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Management of Leishmaniases in the Era of Climate Change in Morocco

Laboratory of Applied Sciences for the Environment and Sustainable Development, School of Technology -Essaouira, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakesh 40000, Morocco
IRD, University of Montpellier, InterTryp, 34000 Montpellier, France
IRD, University of Montpellier MiVeGec, 34000 Montpellier, France
Biospheric Sciences Laboratory, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, MD 21401, USA
Science and Technology Center—Ait Melloul University Campus, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir 80000, Morocco
Directorate of Epidemiology and Disease Control, Ministry of Health, Rabat 10010, Morocco
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1542;
Received: 2 July 2018 / Revised: 17 July 2018 / Accepted: 18 July 2018 / Published: 20 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Health: An Interdisciplinary Perspective)
The proliferation of vector-borne diseases are predicted to increase in a changing climate and Leishmaniases, as a vector-borne diseases, are re-emerging diseases in several regions of the world. In Morocco, during the last decade, a sharp increase in cutaneous leishmaniases cases has been reported. Nevertheless, in Morocco, leishmaniases are a major public health problem, and little interest was given to climate change impacts on the distribution and spread of these diseases. As insect-borne diseases, the incidence and distribution of leishmaniases are influenced by environmental changes, but also by several socio-economic and cultural factors. From a biological point of view, environmental variables have effects on the survival of insect vectors and mammalian reservoirs, which, in turn, affects transmission. Here, we highlight the effects of climate change in Morocco and discuss its consequences on the epidemiology of leishmaniases to identify challenges and define targeted recommendations to fight this disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: insect-borne diseases; leishmaniases; climate change; Morocco insect-borne diseases; leishmaniases; climate change; Morocco
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Kholoud, K.; Denis, S.; Lahouari, B.; El Hidan, M.A.; Souad, B. Management of Leishmaniases in the Era of Climate Change in Morocco. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1542.

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