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Open AccessArticle

Differences in Falls between Older Adult Participants in Group Exercise and Those Who Exercise Alone: A Cross-Sectional Study Using Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) Data

1
Department of Rehabilitation and Care, Seijoh University, Tokai, Aichi 476-8588, Japan
2
Center for Preventive Medical Sciences, Chiba University, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan
3
Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, Aichi 74-8511, Japan
4
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8402, Japan
5
Human Resource Management Department, ITOCHU Techno-Solutions Corporation, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-6080, Japan
6
Department of Social Welfare, Nihon Fukushi University, Mihamacho, Chita-gun, Aichi 470-3295, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1413; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071413
Received: 24 May 2018 / Revised: 30 June 2018 / Accepted: 2 July 2018 / Published: 5 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
This study examined the difference in falls between older adults who participated in group exercise and those who exercised alone. We used cross-sectional data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study. Data were obtained from functionally independent residents aged 65 years or older across 30 municipalities in Japan (n = 19,257). Logistic regression analysis was performed with experience of multiple falls over the past year as the dependent variable and type of exercise as the independent variable. Respondents were divided into three groups according to how they performed exercise: (1) non-exercisers (NE, no exercise), (2) those who only exercised alone (IE, individual exercise), and (3) those whose exercise included participation in group exercise (GE, group exercise). In total, 887 (4.6%) respondents reported multiple falls. After adjustment for 10 possible confounders, the GE group had an odds ratio (OR) for falls of 0.75 (95% confidence intervals 0.60–0.95) compared with the IE group. After adjustment for physiological factors and a psychological factor, the OR for the GE group increased slightly; however, an association between falls and exercise type was indicated. Older adults who participate in group exercise may receive additional benefits related to falls prevention compared with those who exercise alone. View Full-Text
Keywords: fall prevention; group exercise; cross-sectional study; older adults fall prevention; group exercise; cross-sectional study; older adults
MDPI and ACS Style

Hayashi, T.; Kondo, K.; Kanamori, S.; Tsuji, T.; Saito, M.; Ochi, A.; Ota, S. Differences in Falls between Older Adult Participants in Group Exercise and Those Who Exercise Alone: A Cross-Sectional Study Using Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) Data. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1413.

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