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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1375; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071375

Who and Where: A Socio-Spatial Integrated Approach for Community-Based Health Research

1
College of Nursing, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
2
Department of Sociology and Criminology & Law, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
3
Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 May 2018 / Revised: 21 June 2018 / Accepted: 28 June 2018 / Published: 30 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rural Health Care)
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Abstract

Social and spatial characteristics of a population often interact to influence health outcomes, suggesting a need to jointly analyze both to offer useful insights in community health. However, researchers have used either social or spatial analyses to examine community-based health issues and inform intervention programs. We propose a combined socio-spatial analytic approach to develop a social network with spatial weights and a spatial statistic with social weights, and apply them to an ongoing study of mental and physical well-being of rural Latino immigrants in North Florida, USA. We demonstrate how this approach can be used to calculate measures, such as social network centrality, support contact dyads, and spatial kernel density based on a health survey data. Findings reveal that the integrated approach accurately reflected interactions between social and spatial elements, and identified community members (who) and locations (where) that should be prioritized for community-based health interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: community health; rural Latino immigrants; mental well-being; network analysis; spatial statistics; intervention community health; rural Latino immigrants; mental well-being; network analysis; spatial statistics; intervention
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Stacciarini, J.-M.R.; Vacca, R.; Mao, L. Who and Where: A Socio-Spatial Integrated Approach for Community-Based Health Research. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1375.

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