Next Article in Journal
On the Development of Health-Based Ventilation Guidelines: Principles and Framework
Next Article in Special Issue
Relationships between Motor Proficiency and Academic Performance in Mathematics and Reading in School-Aged Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Use of Sorption of Copper Cations by Clinoptilolite for Wastewater Treatment
Previous Article in Special Issue
Temporal Trends in Sports Participation among Adolescents between 2001 and 2015: A French School- and Territory-Based Study
Open AccessArticle

Walking and Walkability in Pre-Set and Self-Defined Neighborhoods: A Mental Mapping Study in Older Adults

1
Department of Prevention and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, Post Office Box 10 01 31, Bielefeld D-33501, Germany
2
Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Institute of Public Health, Schweinauer Hauptstraße 80, Nuremberg D-90441, Germany
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1363; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071363
Received: 22 May 2018 / Revised: 15 June 2018 / Accepted: 20 June 2018 / Published: 28 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Physical Activity and Public Health)
Neighborhood walkability contributes to older adults’ walking. However, associations vary depending on the neighborhood definition applied as well as between objective and perceived walkability measures. Therefore, this study aimed to comparatively assess walkability indices for commonly used pedestrian network buffers and perceived neighborhood areas. A total of 97 adults aged ≥65 years answered a written physical activity questionnaire and 69 respondents participated in face-to-face interviews that involved mental mapping, i.e., to draw perceived neighborhood delineations on paper maps. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to compare the contribution of walkability indices for pre-set buffers and self-defined neighborhoods to older adults’ walking after adjusting for covariates. Results show that older adults’ self-defined neighborhoods are significantly larger, less home-centered, and more walkable than commonly used buffers. Furthermore, the variance accounted for in neighborhood walking increased from 35.9% to 40.4% (ΔR2 = 0.046; p = 0.029), when the walkability index was calculated for self-defined neighborhoods rather than pre-set buffers. Therefore, the study supports that geometric differences between pre-set buffers and older adults’ spatial ideas of perceived neighborhoods have a significant influence on estimated walkability effects and that exposure areas should be matched with the spatial dimension of outcome variables in future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: older adults; physical activity; walking; built environment; walkability; neighborhood; exposure area older adults; physical activity; walking; built environment; walkability; neighborhood; exposure area
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Bödeker, M. Walking and Walkability in Pre-Set and Self-Defined Neighborhoods: A Mental Mapping Study in Older Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1363.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop