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Open AccessReview

A Review of Methods for Assessing the Environmental Health Impacts of an Agricultural System

1
Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington 6021, New Zealand
2
Hopkirk Research Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North 4474, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1315; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071315
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 17 June 2018 / Accepted: 19 June 2018 / Published: 23 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
(1) Background: Global agricultural production is projected to increase substantially in the coming decades. Agricultural production provides food and materials crucial to human survival and well-being and is a critical source of livelihood, providing employment opportunities and economic benefits. However, industrialized or intensified agricultural systems, in particular, can have adverse effects on public health, place pressure on natural resources, and reduce environmental sustainability. This review attempts to identify and characterize key environmental health assessment methods for examining a broad array of potential impacts; (2) Methods: Electronic databases Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and GreenLINE were searched for published literature that presented methods for conducting an environmental health assessment of an agricultural system; (3) Results: Fifty-three sources were included in the review. Eight methods were selected to illustrate the wide range of approaches currently available: health risk assessment methods, health impact assessment, environmental impact assessment methods, environmental burden of disease, lifecycle methods, integrated assessment modeling, trade-off analysis, and economic assessment; (4) Conclusions: This review can provide guidance for selecting an existing method or for designing a new method for assessing the environmental health impacts of an agricultural system. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental health; impact assessment; agriculture; method review environmental health; impact assessment; agriculture; method review
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Grout, L.; Hales, S.; French, N.; Baker, M.G. A Review of Methods for Assessing the Environmental Health Impacts of an Agricultural System. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1315.

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