Next Article in Journal
A Dual-Channel Supply Chain Coordination under Carbon Cap-and-Trade Regulation
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of the Familiar Environment in 11–14-Year-Old Minors’ Mental Health
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1315;

A Review of Methods for Assessing the Environmental Health Impacts of an Agricultural System

Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington 6021, New Zealand
Hopkirk Research Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North 4474, New Zealand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 17 June 2018 / Accepted: 19 June 2018 / Published: 23 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [942 KB, uploaded 23 June 2018]   |  


(1) Background: Global agricultural production is projected to increase substantially in the coming decades. Agricultural production provides food and materials crucial to human survival and well-being and is a critical source of livelihood, providing employment opportunities and economic benefits. However, industrialized or intensified agricultural systems, in particular, can have adverse effects on public health, place pressure on natural resources, and reduce environmental sustainability. This review attempts to identify and characterize key environmental health assessment methods for examining a broad array of potential impacts; (2) Methods: Electronic databases Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and GreenLINE were searched for published literature that presented methods for conducting an environmental health assessment of an agricultural system; (3) Results: Fifty-three sources were included in the review. Eight methods were selected to illustrate the wide range of approaches currently available: health risk assessment methods, health impact assessment, environmental impact assessment methods, environmental burden of disease, lifecycle methods, integrated assessment modeling, trade-off analysis, and economic assessment; (4) Conclusions: This review can provide guidance for selecting an existing method or for designing a new method for assessing the environmental health impacts of an agricultural system. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental health; impact assessment; agriculture; method review environmental health; impact assessment; agriculture; method review

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Grout, L.; Hales, S.; French, N.; Baker, M.G. A Review of Methods for Assessing the Environmental Health Impacts of an Agricultural System. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1315.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top