Deriving A Drinking Water Guideline for A Non-Carcinogenic Contaminant: The Case of Manganese
AbstractManganese is a natural contaminant of water sources. It is an essential oligo-element, which may exert toxicity at high doses, particularly via inhalation. Its toxicity by the oral route is less known, but epidemiological and experimental studies tend to support its neurodevelopmental toxicity in infants and children. This paper describes the method used by a middle-size public health institution to derive a Drinking Water Guideline (DWG) for manganese. After reviewing the work done by major public health institutions, authors confirmed the use of experimental data to derive a point-of-departure (POD) of 25 mg of manganese/kg/day, based on neurodevelopmental effects on pup rats. Then, a total uncertainty factor of 450 was applied to calculate a Toxicological Reference Value (TRV) of 55 µg/kg/day. The final DWG proposed for manganese is 60 µg/L and is based on a relative source contribution (RSC) of water of 20% and an infant drinking scenario of 182 mL/kg of body weight (BW) of water (95th percentile of the ingestion rate distribution for 0–6 months). Despite its limitations, e.g., starting with the work done by other agencies, such an approach demonstrates in a transparent way the rationale and challenging choices made by regulators when deriving a DWG. View Full-Text
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Valcke, M.; Bourgault, M.-H.; Haddad, S.; Bouchard, M.; Gauvin, D.; Levallois, P. Deriving A Drinking Water Guideline for A Non-Carcinogenic Contaminant: The Case of Manganese. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1293.
Valcke M, Bourgault M-H, Haddad S, Bouchard M, Gauvin D, Levallois P. Deriving A Drinking Water Guideline for A Non-Carcinogenic Contaminant: The Case of Manganese. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(6):1293.Chicago/Turabian Style
Valcke, Mathieu; Bourgault, Marie-Hélène; Haddad, Sami; Bouchard, Michèle; Gauvin, Denis; Levallois, Patrick. 2018. "Deriving A Drinking Water Guideline for A Non-Carcinogenic Contaminant: The Case of Manganese." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 6: 1293.
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