Spatiotemporal Assessment of PM2.5-Related Economic Losses from Health Impacts during 2014–2016 in China
AbstractBackground: Particulate air pollution, especially PM2.5, is highly correlated with various adverse health impacts and, ultimately, economic losses for society, however, few studies have undertaken a spatiotemporal assessment of PM2.5-related economic losses from health impacts covering all of the main cities in China. Methods: PM2.5 concentration data were retrieved for 190 Chinese cities for the period 2014–2016. We used a log-linear exposure–response model and monetary valuation methods, such as value of a statistical life (VSL), amended human capital (AHC), and cost of illness to evaluate PM2.5-related economic losses from health impacts at the city level. In addition, Monte Carlo simulation was used to analyze uncertainty. Results: The average economic loss was 0.3% (AHC) to 1% (VSL) of the total gross domestic product (GDP) of 190 Chinese cities from 2014 to 2016. Overall, China experienced a downward trend in total economic losses over the three-year period, but the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei, Shandong Peninsula, Yangtze River Delta, and Chengdu-Chongqing regions experienced greater annual economic losses. Conclusions: Exploration of spatiotemporal variations in PM2.5-related economic losses from long-term health impacts could provide new information for policymakers regarding priority areas for PM2.5 pollution prevention and control in China. View Full-Text
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Yang, Y.; Luo, L.; Song, C.; Yin, H.; Yang, J. Spatiotemporal Assessment of PM2.5-Related Economic Losses from Health Impacts during 2014–2016 in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1278.
Yang Y, Luo L, Song C, Yin H, Yang J. Spatiotemporal Assessment of PM2.5-Related Economic Losses from Health Impacts during 2014–2016 in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(6):1278.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yang, Yang; Luo, Liwen; Song, Chao; Yin, Hao; Yang, Jintao. 2018. "Spatiotemporal Assessment of PM2.5-Related Economic Losses from Health Impacts during 2014–2016 in China." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 6: 1278.
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