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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1264; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061264

Influence of Health Behaviors and Occupational Stress on Prediabetic State among Male Office Workers

College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
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Received: 11 May 2018 / Revised: 11 June 2018 / Accepted: 13 June 2018 / Published: 14 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
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Abstract

This study examined the influence of health behaviors and occupational stress on the prediabetic state of male office workers, and identified related risks and influencing factors. The study used a cross-sectional design and performed an integrative analysis on data from regular health checkups, health questionnaires, and a health behavior-related survey of employees of a company, using Spearman’s correlation coefficients and multiple logistic regression analysis. The results showed significant relationships of prediabetic state with health behaviors and occupational stress. Among health behaviors, a diet without vegetables and fruits (Odds Ratio (OR) = 3.74, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 1.93–7.66) was associated with a high risk of prediabetic state. In the subscales on occupational stress, organizational system in the 4th quartile (OR = 4.83, 95% CI = 2.40–9.70) was significantly associated with an increased likelihood of prediabetic state. To identify influencing factors of prediabetic state, the multiple logistic regression was performed using regression models. The results showed that dietary habits (β = 1.20, p = 0.002), total occupational stress score (β = 1.33, p = 0.024), and organizational system (β = 1.13, p = 0.009) were significant influencing factors. The present findings indicate that active interventions are needed at workplace for the systematic and comprehensive management of health behaviors and occupational stress that influence prediabetic state of office workers. View Full-Text
Keywords: prediabetic state; health behavior; occupational stress; male; office worker prediabetic state; health behavior; occupational stress; male; office worker
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Ryu, H.; Moon, J.; Jung, J. Influence of Health Behaviors and Occupational Stress on Prediabetic State among Male Office Workers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1264.

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