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Open AccessArticle

Physical Activity, Lifestyle Factors and Oxidative Stress in Middle Age Healthy Subjects

1
Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, University of Torino, Piazza Polonia 94, 10126 Torino, Italy
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Center of Sport and Preventive Medicine, University of Torino, Piazza Bernini 12, 10143 Torino, Italy
3
Department of Biology and Biotechnology “L. Spallanzani”, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100 Pavia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1152; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061152
Received: 19 April 2018 / Revised: 23 May 2018 / Accepted: 29 May 2018 / Published: 1 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Oxidative stress (OS) has been recognized to play a primary role in many acute and chronic diseases. Environmental and lifestyle factors, such as physical activity and dietary intake are involved in the oxidative balance, but their specific influence remains unclear. In order to contribute to a greater characterization of the oxidative status in relation to exercise training and to environmental and lifestyle factors, different biomarkers—pro-oxidant capacity (d-ROMs), anti-oxidant capacity (BAP), radical scavenging activity (DPPH) and DNA damage (8-OHdGuo)—were measured in biological samples of a group of healthy middle aged subjects. The evaluation of the investigated biomarkers highlighted a significant effect of exercise training on OS, measured as d-ROMs and 8OhdGuo, in subjects playing regular physical activity. An association of the OS status measured by DPPH and 8-OhdGuo with the condition of living in urban high traffic areas was also found. Otherwise dietary habits did not reveal any significant effect on OS levels by the investigated biomarkers. As a whole the results obtained in this investigation suggested that a correct lifestyle, with regular physical activity practice, contributes to control the OS status in middle age subjects. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; exercise training; lifestyle; dietary habits; oxidative stress; public health physical activity; exercise training; lifestyle; dietary habits; oxidative stress; public health
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Carraro, E.; Schilirò, T.; Biorci, F.; Romanazzi, V.; Degan, R.; Buonocore, D.; Verri, M.; Dossena, M.; Bonetta, S.; Gilli, G. Physical Activity, Lifestyle Factors and Oxidative Stress in Middle Age Healthy Subjects. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1152.

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