Next Article in Journal
Barriers to Nutrition Promotion in Private Secondary Schools in Kolkata, India: Perspectives of Parents and Teachers
Next Article in Special Issue
The Effects of Temperament on Depression According to the Schema Model: A Scoping Review
Previous Article in Journal
Electronic Medical Records in Greece and Oman: A Professional’s Evaluation of Structure and Value
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effect of Cardiac Rehabilitation on Quality of Life, Depression and Anxiety in Asian Patients
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1138; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061138

A Systematic Review of Attention Biases in Opioid, Cannabis, Stimulant Use Disorders

1
National Addiction Management Service, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore 539747, Singapore
2
Family Medicine & Primary Care, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University Singapore, Singapore 308232, Singapore
3
National Psychiatry Residency Program, National Healthcare Group, Singapore 539747, Singapore
4
Institute of Mental Health, Singapore 539747, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 April 2018 / Revised: 19 May 2018 / Accepted: 30 May 2018 / Published: 1 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adult Psychiatry)
Full-Text   |   PDF [986 KB, uploaded 1 June 2018]   |  

Abstract

Background: Opiates, cannabis, and amphetamines are highly abused, and use of these substances are prevalent disorders. Psychological interventions are crucial given that they help individuals maintain abstinence following a lapse or relapse into substance use. Advances in experimental psychology have suggested that automatic attention biases might be responsible for relapse. Prior reviews have provided evidence for the presence of these biases in addictive disorders and the effectiveness of bias modification. However, the prior studies are limited, as they failed to include trials involving participants with these prevalent addictive disorders or have failed to adopt a systematic approach in evidence synthesis. Objectives: The primary aim of this current systematic review is to synthesise the current evidence for attention biases amongst opioid use, cannabis use, and stimulant use disorders. The secondary aim is to determine the efficacy of attention bias modification interventions and other addictions related outcomes. Methods: A search was conducted from November 2017 to January 2018 on PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Science Direct, Cochrane Central, and Scopus. The selection process of the articles was in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. A qualitative synthesis was undertaken. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool. Results: Six randomised trials were identified. The evidence synthesized from these trials have provided strong evidence that attentional biases are present in opioid and stimulant use disorders. Evidence synthesis for other secondary outcome measures could not be performed given the heterogeneity in the measures reported and the limited number of trials. The risk of bias assessment for the included trials revealed a high risk of selection and attrition bias. Conclusions: This review demonstrates the potential need for interventions targeting attention biases in opiate and cocaine use disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: attention bias; cognitive bias; addiction; opioids; cannabis; stimulants attention bias; cognitive bias; addiction; opioids; cannabis; stimulants
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, M.; Ying, J.; Wing, T.; Song, G.; Fung, D.S.S.; Smith, H. A Systematic Review of Attention Biases in Opioid, Cannabis, Stimulant Use Disorders. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1138.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top