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Review

Contact Allergy: A Review of Current Problems from a Clinical Perspective

1
Department of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
2
Division of Immunodermatology and Allergy Research, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany
3
St John’s Institute of Dermatology, Guy’s Hospital, London SE1 9RT, UK
4
Department of Dermatology and Allergy, National Allergy Research Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev and Gentofte, 2900 Hellerup, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1108; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061108
Received: 17 April 2018 / Revised: 20 May 2018 / Accepted: 26 May 2018 / Published: 29 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Epidemiology of Allergy)
Contact allergy is common, affecting 27% of the general population in Europe. Original publications, including case reports, published since 2016 (inclusive) were identified with the aim of collating a full review of current problems in the field. To this end, a literature search employing methods of systematic reviewing was performed in the Medline® and Web of Science™ databases on 28 January 2018, using the search terms (“contact sensitization” or “contact allergy”). Of 446 non-duplicate publications identified by above search, 147 were excluded based on scrutiny of title, abstract and key words. Of the remaining 299 examined in full text, 291 were deemed appropriate for inclusion, and main findings were summarised in topic sections. In conclusion, diverse sources of exposures to chemicals of widely-differing types and structures, continue to induce sensitisation in man and may result in allergic contact dermatitis. Many of the chemicals are “evergreen” but others are “newcomers”. Vigilance and proper investigation (patch testing) are required to detect and inform of the presence of these haptens to which our populations remain exposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: allergic contact dermatitis; contact allergy; exposure; review allergic contact dermatitis; contact allergy; exposure; review
MDPI and ACS Style

Uter, W.; Werfel, T.; White, I.R.; Johansen, J.D. Contact Allergy: A Review of Current Problems from a Clinical Perspective. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1108. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061108

AMA Style

Uter W, Werfel T, White IR, Johansen JD. Contact Allergy: A Review of Current Problems from a Clinical Perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(6):1108. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061108

Chicago/Turabian Style

Uter, Wolfgang, Thomas Werfel, Ian R. White, and Jeanne D. Johansen 2018. "Contact Allergy: A Review of Current Problems from a Clinical Perspective" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 6: 1108. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061108

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